Standard Rules by Graham Nelson

Version 3/120430 for Inform 7 6M62

The Standard Rules are © Graham Nelson and published under the Artistic License 2.0.
Part SR1 - The Physical World Model
Part SR2 - Variables and Rulebooks
Part SR3 - Activities
Part SR4 - Actions
Part SR5 - Phrasebook
Documentation for Version 3/120430 of the Standard Rules by Graham Nelson Unlike other extensions, the Standard Rules are compulsorily included with every project. They define the phrases, kinds and relations which are basic to Inform, and which are described throughout the documentation.
Version 3/120430 of the Standard Rules by Graham Nelson begins here. "The Standard Rules, included in every project, define the basic framework of kinds, actions and phrases which make Inform what it is." [...and so on...] Document PM_CantAssertAdjective PM_CantAssertNegatedEverywhere PM_CantAssertNegatedRelations PM_CantAssertNonKind PM_CantAssertQuantifier PM_NegatedVerb1 PM_NoSuchVerb PM_NoSuchVerbComma PM_TwoLikelihoods at doc10 "2.1" "2.1. Creating the world". Document ph_continueaction ph_stopaction rules_before at doc100 "7.3" "7.3. Before rules". Document PM_ActionNotSpecific PM_ActionTooSpecific PM_UnknownTryAction1 PM_UnknownTryAction2 ph_try ph_trysilently at doc101 "7.4" "7.4. Try and try silently". Document rules_after at doc102 "7.5" "7.5. After rules". Document PM_APWithDisjunction PM_APWithImmiscible at doc105 "7.8" "7.8. Rules applying to more than one action". Document var_noun at doc107 "7.10" "7.10. The noun and the second noun". Document PM_APWithBadWhen PM_NonActionInPresenceOf at doc109 "7.12" "7.12. In the presence of, and when". Document PM_GoingWithoutObject PM_GoingWrongKind at doc111 "7.14" "7.14. Going by, going through, going with". Document KACTIONS PM_NamedAPWithActor at doc112 "7.15" "7.15. Kinds of action". Document var_prompt at doc117 "8.2" "8.2. Changing the command prompt". Document phs_surroundings var_sl at doc118 "8.3" "8.3. Changing the status line". Document PM_EnigmaticPronoun PM_EnigmaticThey PM_TooMuchQuotedText PM_UnendingComment PM_UnendingQuote PM_WordTooLong at doc12 "2.3" "2.3. Punctuation". Document ph_changeexit ph_changenoexit at doc120 "8.5" "8.5. Change of properties with values". Document ph_move at doc122 "8.7" "8.7. Moving things". Document ph_movebackdrop ph_updatebackdrop at doc123 "8.8" "8.8. Moving backdrops". Document ph_remove at doc125 "8.10" "8.10. Removing things from play". Document PM_BadNow1 PM_BadNow2 PM_BadNow3 PM_CantChangeKind PM_CantForceCalling PM_CantForceExistence PM_CantForceGeneralised PM_CantForceRelation PM_RedefinedNow ph_now at doc126 "8.11" "8.11. Now...". Document ph_decrease ph_decrement ph_increase ph_increment at doc127 "8.12" "8.12. Increasing and decreasing". Document PM_CalledThe PM_CalledWithDash at doc130 "8.15" "8.15. Calling names". Document ph_firstheld ph_holder ph_nextheld at doc132 "8.17" "8.17. Looking at containment by hand". Document ph_randombetween ph_randomchance ph_seed at doc133 "8.18" "8.18. Randomness". Document PM_RandomImpossible ph_randomdesc at doc134 "8.19" "8.19. Random choices of things". Document ROOMPLAYBEGINS rules_wpb at doc135 "9.1" "9.1. When play begins". Document var_score at doc136 "9.2" "9.2. Awarding points". Document ph_end ph_ended ph_endfinally ph_endfinallysaying ph_endsaying ph_finallyended ph_notended ph_notfinallyended ph_resume rules_wpe at doc138 "9.4" "9.4. When play ends". Document PM_NumberOfTurns rules_et at doc139 "9.5" "9.5. Every turn". Document HEADINGS PM_BadTitleSentence PM_HeadingOverLine PM_HeadingStopsBeforeEndOfLine at doc14 "2.5" "2.5. Headings". Document kind_time var_time at doc140 "9.6" "9.6. The time of day". Document phs_timewords at doc141 "9.7" "9.7. Telling the time". Document ph_durationhours ph_durationmins at doc142 "9.8" "9.8. Approximate times, lengths of time". Document ph_shiftafter ph_shiftbefore ph_timeafter ph_timebefore at doc143 "9.9" "9.9. Comparing and shifting times". Document ph_hourspart ph_minspart at doc144 "9.10" "9.10. Calculating times". Document PM_AtWithoutTime PM_UnusedTimedEvent TIMEDEVENTS ph_attime ph_timefromnow ph_turnsfromnow at doc145 "9.11" "9.11. Future events". Document PM_PTAPTooComplex at doc146 "9.12" "9.12. Actions as conditions". Document PM_NonPresentTense PM_PTAPMakesCallings PM_PastActionCalled PM_PastCallings PM_PastSubordinate PM_PastTableEntries PM_PastTableLookup at doc147 "9.13" "9.13. The past and perfect tenses". Document SCENESINTRO kind_scene at doc150 "10.1" "10.1. Introduction to scenes". Document PM_ScenesBadCondition PM_ScenesDisallowCalled PM_ScenesNotPlay PM_ScenesOnly PM_ScenesOversetEnd PM_ScenesUnknownEnd at doc151 "10.2" "10.2. Creating a scene". Document ph_scenetimesincebegan ph_scenetimesinceended ph_scenetimewhenbegan ph_scenetimewhenended at doc152 "10.3" "10.3. Using the Scene index". Document ph_hasended ph_hashappened ph_hasnotended ph_hasnothappened at doc153 "10.4" "10.4. During scenes". Document LINKINGSCENES at doc154 "10.5" "10.5. Linking scenes together". Document PHRASES ph_nothing at doc159 "11.1" "11.1. What are phrases?". Document PM_BareTo at doc160 "11.2" "11.2. The phrasebook". Document PM_AdjacentTokens PM_BadTypeIndication PM_PhraseTooLong PM_SaySlashed PM_TokenMisunderstood PM_TokenWithEmptyBrackets PM_TokenWithNestedBrackets PM_TokenWithoutCloseBracket PM_TokenWithoutOpenBracket at doc161 "11.3" "11.3. Pattern matching". Document ph_showme at doc162 "11.4" "11.4. The showme phrase". Document PM_TruthStateToDecide kind_truthstate ph_consents ph_indarkness ph_whether at doc163 "11.5" "11.5. Conditions and questions". Document PM_IfOutsidePhrase ph_if ph_unless at doc164 "11.6" "11.6. If". Document PM_BeginWithoutEnd PM_BlockNestingTooDeep PM_BothBlockSyntaxes PM_CantUseOutsideStructure PM_EmptyIndentedBlock PM_EndWithoutBegin PM_MisalignedIndentation PM_NotInOldSyntax PM_RunOnsInTabbedRoutine PM_WrongEnd at doc165 "11.7" "11.7. Begin and end". Document PM_CaseValueMismatch PM_CaseValueNonConstant PM_DoubleOtherwise PM_MisalignedCase PM_MisalignedOtherwise PM_MisarrangedOtherwise PM_NonCaseInIf PM_OtherwiseIfAfterOtherwise PM_OtherwiseInNonIf PM_OtherwiseWithoutIf ph_otherwise ph_switch at doc166 "11.8" "11.8. Otherwise". Document ph_while at doc167 "11.9" "11.9. While". Document PM_CalledInRepeat ph_repeat at doc168 "11.10" "11.10. Repeat". Document PM_BadRepeatDomain ph_runthrough at doc169 "11.11" "11.11. Repeat running through". Document PM_TestBadRequirements PM_TestCommandTooLong PM_TestContainsUndo PM_TestDoubleWith PM_TestDuplicate PM_TestMultiWord PM_UnknownInternalTest at doc17 "2.8" "2.8. The TEST command". Document PM_CantUseOutsideLoop ph_break ph_next at doc170 "11.12" "11.12. Next and break". Document ph_stop at doc171 "11.13" "11.13. Stop". Document PM_NotAPhraseOption PM_NotTheOnlyPhraseOption PM_PhraseOptionsExclusive PM_SayWithPhraseOptions PM_TooManyPhraseOptions ph_listcontents at doc172 "11.14" "11.14. Phrase options". Document ph_let ph_letdefault at doc173 "11.15" "11.15. Let and temporary variables". Document ph_no ph_yes at doc174 "11.16" "11.16. New conditions, new adjectives". Document PM_RedundantReturnKOV PM_ReturnWrongKind PM_UnknownValueToDecide ph_decideon at doc175 "11.17" "11.17. Phrases to decide other things". Document ph_enumafter ph_enumbefore ph_enumfirst ph_enumlast at doc176 "11.18" "11.18. The value after and the value before". Document ARSUMMARY at doc178 "12.2" "12.2. How actions are processed". Document var_person_asked at doc179 "12.3" "12.3. Giving instructions to other people". Document rules_per at doc180 "12.4" "12.4. Persuasion". Document rules_fail var_reason at doc181 "12.5" "12.5. Unsuccessful attempts". Document NEWACTIONS PM_ActionAlreadyExists PM_ActionBothValues PM_ActionClauseUnknown PM_ActionMisapplied PM_GrammarMismatchesAction PM_MatchedAsTooLong PM_MultiwordPastParticiple ph_requirescarried ph_requirescarried2 ph_requireslight ph_requirestouch ph_requirestouch2 at doc183 "12.7" "12.7. New actions". Document PM_ActionVarAnd PM_ActionVarOverspecific PM_ActionVarUnknownKOV PM_ActionVarValue PM_ActionVarsPastTense PM_BadMatchingSyntax PM_BadOptionalAPClause at doc186 "12.10" "12.10. Action variables". Document PM_DuplicateRuleName PM_RuleWithComma at doc188 "12.12" "12.12. Check rules for actions by other people". Document PM_BogusExtension at doc19 "2.10" "2.10. Installing extensions". Document OUTOFWORLD at doc191 "12.15" "12.15. Out of world actions". Document rules_ri at doc192 "12.16" "12.16. Reaching inside and reaching outside rules". Document var_person_reaching at doc194 "12.18" "12.18. Changing reachability". Document visibility at doc195 "12.19" "12.19. Changing visibility". Document kind_storedaction ph_actionof ph_actionpart ph_actorpart ph_currentaction ph_involves ph_nounpart ph_secondpart at doc196 "12.20" "12.20. Stored actions". Document PM_BadRelation PM_EveryWrongSide PM_KindRelatedToValue PM_PropForBadKOV PM_RelationWithBadProperty PM_RelationWithEitherOrProperty VERBS at doc198 "13.1" "13.1. Sentence verbs". Document PM_ExtInadequateVM PM_ExtMalformedVM PM_ExtMisidentified PM_ExtMisidentifiedEnds PM_ExtMiswordedBeginsHere PM_ExtVersionMalformed PM_IncludeExtQuoted at doc20 "2.11" "2.11. Including extensions". Document RELATIONS at doc200 "13.3" "13.3. What are relations?". Document PM_BadKOVForRelationProperty PM_BothOneAndMany PM_CantCallBoth PM_CantCallLeft PM_CantCallRight PM_FRFUnavailable PM_OneOrVariousWithWhen PM_OneToOneMiscalled PM_RelatedKindsUnknown PM_RelationExists at doc202 "13.5" "13.5. Making new relations". Document ph_showrelation at doc204 "13.7" "13.7. Relations in groups". Document PM_DuplicateVerbs1 PM_DuplicateVerbs2 PM_DuplicateVerbs3 PM_PrepositionConjugated PM_PrepositionLong PM_PresentPluralTwice PM_VerbMalformed PM_VerbRelationUnknown PM_VerbRelationVague PM_VerbUnknownMeaning at doc206 "13.9" "13.9. Defining new assertion verbs". Document PM_CanHave at doc207 "13.10" "13.10. Defining new prepositions". Document ph_nextstep ph_numbersteps at doc208 "13.11" "13.11. Indirect relations". Document PM_BadRelationCondition PM_Unassertable2 at doc209 "13.12" "13.12. Relations which express conditions". Document OPTIONS PM_UONotNumerical PM_UnknownUseOption at doc21 "2.12" "2.12. Use options". Document ph_ifleft ph_ifright ph_leftdomain ph_leftlookup ph_leftlookuplist ph_rightdomain ph_rightlookup ph_rightlookuplist at doc210 "13.13" "13.13. Relations involving values". Document ph_letrelation at doc212 "13.15" "13.15. Temporary relations". Document phs_here phs_now at doc214 "14.1" "14.1. Tense and narrative viewpoint". Document OPTIONSFILE at doc22 "2.13" "2.13. Administering classroom use". Document kind_verb phs_adapt phs_adaptt phs_adaptv phs_adaptvt phs_infinitive phs_negate phs_negatet phs_negatev phs_negatevt phs_pastpart phs_prespart at doc222 "14.9" "14.9. Verbs as values". Document phs_response at doc223 "14.10" "14.10. Responses". Document PM_CantEquateValues PM_ElementOverflow PM_EvenOverflow-G PM_InequalityFailed PM_LiteralOverflow PM_ZMachineOverflow kind_number kind_real_number at doc227 "15.2" "15.2. Numbers and real numbers". Document ph_nearestwholenumber at doc228 "15.3" "15.3. Real number conversions". Document phs_decimal phs_decimalplaces phs_realplaces phs_scientific phs_scientificplaces at doc229 "15.4" "15.4. Printing real numbers". Document PM_BadICLIdentifier STORYFILES at doc23 "2.14" "2.14. Limits and the Settings panel". Document ph_cuberoot ph_divide ph_minus ph_nearest ph_plus ph_realsquareroot ph_remainder ph_squareroot ph_times at doc230 "15.5" "15.5. Arithmetic". Document ph_absolutevalue ph_ceiling ph_exp ph_floor ph_logarithm ph_logarithmto ph_power ph_reciprocal at doc231 "15.6" "15.6. Powers and logarithms". Document ph_arccosine ph_arcsine ph_arctangent ph_cosine ph_degrees ph_hyperbolicarccosine ph_hyperbolicarcsine ph_hyperbolicarctangent ph_hyperboliccosine ph_hyperbolicsine ph_hyperbolictangent ph_sine ph_tangent at doc232 "15.7" "15.7. Trigonometry". Document PM_LPBuiltInKOV PM_LPEnumeration PM_LPNotKOV PM_NegationForbidden PM_NegationInternal at doc233 "15.8" "15.8. Units". Document PM_DuplicateUnitSpec at doc234 "15.9" "15.9. Multiple notations". Document PM_LPCantScaleTwice PM_LPCantScaleYet PM_LPTooLittleAccuracy at doc235 "15.10" "15.10. Scaling and equivalents". Document PM_LPElementTooLarge PM_LPNotAllNamed PM_LPTooComplicated PM_LPTooManyElements PM_LPWithoutElement at doc239 "15.14" "15.14. Notations including more than one number". Document PM_BadLPNameOption PM_BadLPPartOption PM_LPFirstOptional PM_LPMultipleOptional at doc240 "15.15" "15.15. The parts of a number specification". Document PM_TotalEitherOr PM_TotalTableColumn ph_total at doc242 "15.17" "15.17. Totals". Document EQUATIONS PM_EquationBadArithmetic PM_EquationBadTarget PM_EquationDimensionPower PM_EquationDoesntEquate PM_EquationEquatesBadly PM_EquationEquatesMultiply PM_EquationIncomparable PM_EquationInsoluble PM_EquationLeadingZero PM_EquationMisnamed PM_EquationMisnumbered PM_EquationMispunctuated PM_EquationOperatorUnrecognised PM_EquationSymbolBadSub PM_EquationSymbolEqualsKOV PM_EquationSymbolMalformed PM_EquationSymbolMisdeclared PM_EquationSymbolMissing PM_EquationSymbolNonNumeric PM_EquationSymbolNonValue PM_EquationSymbolSpurious PM_EquationSymbolVague PM_EquationSymbolWrongKOV PM_EquationTokenUnrecognised PM_EquationTooComplex ph_letequation at doc243 "15.18" "15.18. Equations". Document ARITHMETIC PM_BadArithmetic PM_BadLPEquivalent PM_BadLPOffset PM_DimensionNotBaseKOV PM_DimensionRedundant PM_DimensionsInconsistent PM_MultiplyingNonKOVs PM_NonDimensional PM_UnitSequenceOverflow at doc245 "15.20" "15.20. Multiplication of units". Document PM_TableCoincidesWithKind PM_TableColumnAlready PM_TableColumnArticle PM_TableColumnBrackets PM_TableColumnEmptyLists PM_TableDefiningObject PM_TableDescriptionEntry PM_TableEntryGeneric PM_TableIncompatibleEntry PM_TableKindlessColumn PM_TableMisnamed PM_TableNameAmbiguous PM_TableNameDuplicate PM_TableOfBuiltInKind PM_TableOfExistingKind PM_TableOfQuantifiedKind PM_TablePlayerEntry PM_TableRowFull PM_TableTooManyColumns PM_TableUndefined PM_TableUnknownEntry PM_TableVariableEntry PM_TableWithBlankNames PM_TableWithoutRows TABLES at doc246 "16.1" "16.1. Laying out tables". Document ph_numrows at doc247 "16.2" "16.2. Looking up entries". Document ph_showmetable phs_currenttablerow phs_tablecolumn phs_tablerow at doc249 "16.4" "16.4. Changing entries". Document PM_NoRowSelected ph_chooserandomrow ph_chooserow ph_chooserowwith at doc250 "16.5" "16.5. Choosing rows". Document ph_repeattable ph_repeattablecol ph_repeattablecolreverse ph_repeattablereverse at doc251 "16.6" "16.6. Repeating through tables". Document ph_thereis ph_thereisno at doc252 "16.7" "16.7. Blank entries". Document ph_blankout ph_blankoutcol ph_blankoutrow ph_blankouttable ph_chooseblankrow ph_numblank ph_numfilled at doc255 "16.10" "16.10. Adding and removing rows". Document ph_sortcolumn ph_sortcolumnreverse ph_sortrandom at doc256 "16.11" "16.11. Sorting". Document kind_tablename at doc260 "16.15" "16.15. Varying which table to look at". Document PM_TableDefiningNothing PM_TableDefiningTheImpossible at doc261 "16.16" "16.16. Defining things with tables". Document PM_TableNotContinuation at doc263 "16.18" "16.18. Table continuations". Document PM_TableAmendmentMisfit PM_TableAmendmentMismatch at doc264 "16.19" "16.19. Table amendments". Document PM_BizarreToken PM_LiteralPunctuation PM_NontextualUnderstand PM_NotNewCommand PM_NotOldCommand PM_ObsoleteHeldTokens PM_OldVerbUsage PM_OverComplexToken PM_TextTokenRestricted PM_TextlessMistake PM_UnderstandAsActivity PM_UnderstandAsBadValue PM_UnderstandAsCompoundText PM_UnderstandCommaCommand PM_UnderstandCommandWhen PM_UnderstandEmptyText PM_UnderstandMismatch PM_UnderstandVague PM_UnknownToken PM_UnparsableKind PM_UseTextNotTopic PM_UseThingNotObject UNDERSTANDING someone_token at doc265 "17.1" "17.1. Understand". Document PM_GrammarIllFounded PM_ThreeValuedLine PM_TooManyAliases PM_TooManyGrammarLines at doc266 "17.2" "17.2. New commands for old grammar". Document TOKENS things_token at doc268 "17.4" "17.4. Standard tokens of grammar". Document text_token at doc269 "17.5" "17.5. The text token". Document MAP PM_DescriptionsEquated PM_SameKindEquated kind_room at doc27 "3.2" "3.2. Rooms and the map". Document var_understood at doc273 "17.9" "17.9. Understanding kinds of value". Document PM_UnderstandAsQualified PM_UnderstandPluralValue at doc275 "17.11" "17.11. Understanding values". Document PM_OverAmbitiousSlash PM_SlashedCommand at doc276 "17.12" "17.12. This/that". Document NEWTOKENS PM_MixedOutcome PM_TwoValuedToken at doc277 "17.13" "17.13. New tokens". Document PM_BadReferringProperty PM_BadUnderstandProperty PM_BadUnderstandPropertyAs PM_UnknownUnderstandProperty PM_UnknownUnpermittedProperty at doc279 "17.15" "17.15. Understanding things by their properties". Document PM_GrammarBadRelation PM_GrammarObjectlessRelation PM_GrammarValueRelation at doc280 "17.16" "17.16. Understanding things by their relations". Document PM_BadWhen at doc281 "17.17" "17.17. Context: understanding when". Document ph_setpronouns at doc282 "17.18" "17.18. Changing the meaning of pronouns". Document rules_dtpm at doc283 "17.19" "17.19. Does the player mean...". Document ph_altermultipleobjectlist ph_multipleobjectlist at doc284 "17.20" "17.20. Multiple action processing". Document ACTIVITIES PM_BadActivityName kind_activity at doc287 "18.1" "18.1. What are activities?". Document PM_ExistingRegion PM_RegionInTwoRegions PM_RegionRelation REGIONS kind_region at doc29 "3.4" "3.4. Regions and the index map". Document PM_BadWhenWhile at doc290 "18.4" "18.4. While clauses". Document EXTACTIVITIES ph_carryout ph_carryoutwith ph_continueactivity at doc291 "18.5" "18.5. New activities". Document PM_ActivityVarAnd PM_ActivityVarOverspecific PM_ActivityVarUnknownKOV PM_ActivityVarValue PM_ActivityVariableNameless at doc292 "18.6" "18.6. Activity variables". Document ph_abandonactivity ph_abandonactivitywith ph_beginactivity ph_beginactivitywith ph_endactivity ph_endactivitywith ph_handlingactivity ph_handlingactivitywith at doc293 "18.7" "18.7. Beginning and ending activities manually". Document act_con var_particular at doc295 "18.9" "18.9. Deciding the concealed possessions of something". Document act_pn ph_omit at doc296 "18.10" "18.10. Printing the name of something". Document act_ppn at doc297 "18.11" "18.11. Printing the plural name of something". Document act_pan at doc298 "18.12" "18.12. Printing a number of something". Document act_lc ph_group ph_groupart ph_grouptext at doc299 "18.13" "18.13. Listing contents of something". Document KINDS PM_BothRoomAndSupporter PM_CantContainAndSupport PM_KindsIncompatible PM_MiseEnAbyme at doc30 "3.5" "3.5. Kinds". Document act_gt at doc300 "18.14" "18.14. Grouping together something". Document act_resp at doc301 "18.15" "18.15. Issuing the response text of something". Document act_details at doc302 "18.16" "18.16. Printing room description details of something". Document act_idetails at doc303 "18.17" "18.17. Printing inventory details of something". Document act_toodark at doc304 "18.18" "18.18. Printing a refusal to act in the dark". Document act_nowdark at doc305 "18.19" "18.19. Printing the announcement of darkness". Document act_nowlight at doc306 "18.20" "18.20. Printing the announcement of light". Document act_darkname at doc307 "18.21" "18.21. Printing the name of a dark room". Document act_darkdesc at doc308 "18.22" "18.22. Printing the description of a dark room". Document act_csl at doc309 "18.23" "18.23. Constructing the status line". Document act_wpa at doc310 "18.24" "18.24. Writing a paragraph about". Document act_lni at doc311 "18.25" "18.25. Listing nondescript items of something". Document act_pld at doc312 "18.26" "18.26. Printing the locale description of something". Document act_cnlo at doc313 "18.27" "18.27. Choosing notable locale objects for something". Document act_plp at doc314 "18.28" "18.28. Printing a locale paragraph about". Document act_ds ph_placecontentsinscope ph_placeinscope at doc315 "18.29" "18.29. Deciding the scope of something". Document act_clarify at doc316 "18.30" "18.30. Clarifying the parser's choice of something". Document act_which at doc317 "18.31" "18.31. Asking which do you mean". Document act_smn at doc318 "18.32" "18.32. Supplying a missing noun/second noun". Document act_reading kind_snippet ph_changecommand ph_cutsnippet ph_rejectcommand ph_replacesnippet ph_snippetdoesnotinclude ph_snippetdoesnotmatch ph_snippetincludes ph_snippetmatches var_command at doc319 "18.33" "18.33. Reading a command". Document PM_PropertyNotPermitted at doc32 "3.7" "3.7. Properties depend on kind". Document act_implicitly at doc320 "18.34" "18.34. Implicitly taking something". Document act_parsererror at doc321 "18.35" "18.35. Printing a parser error". Document act_all at doc322 "18.36" "18.36. Deciding whether all includes". Document act_banner phs_banner at doc323 "18.37" "18.37. Printing the banner text". Document act_obit at doc324 "18.38" "18.38. Printing the player's obituary". Document act_amuse at doc325 "18.39" "18.39. Amusing a victorious player". Document act_startvm at doc326 "18.40" "18.40. Starting the virtual machine". Document PM_RulebookWithAt PM_RulebookWithDefinition PM_RulebookWithTo RULEBOOKS kind_rule kind_rulebook at doc327 "19.1" "19.1. On rules". Document PM_BadRulePreamble PM_BadRulePreambleWhen PM_RuleWithDefiniteArticle PM_RuleWithoutColon at doc329 "19.3" "19.3. New rules". Document PM_BadRulePlacementNegation PM_ImproperRulePlacement PM_NoSuchRuleExists PM_PlaceWithMissingRule PM_UnspecifiedRulebookPlacement RLISTING at doc330 "19.4" "19.4. Listing rules explicitly". Document rules_proc at doc331 "19.5" "19.5. Changing the behaviour of rules". Document NEWRULEBOOKS ph_follow at doc334 "19.8" "19.8. New rulebooks". Document ph_followfor at doc335 "19.9" "19.9. Basis of a rulebook". Document PM_RulebookVariableAnd PM_RulebookVariableBadKind PM_RulebookVariableTooSpecific PM_RulebookVariableVague at doc336 "19.10" "19.10. Rulebook variables". Document PM_BadDefaultOutcome PM_DefaultOutcomeTwice ph_failed ph_fails ph_nodecision ph_succeeded ph_succeeds at doc337 "19.11" "19.11. Success and failure". Document PM_BadOutcomeClarification PM_DefaultNamedOutcomeTwice PM_DefaultOutcomeAlready PM_DuplicateOutcome PM_MisplacedRulebookOutcome PM_NonOutcomeProperty PM_WrongEndToPhrase ph_rulebookoutcome at doc338 "19.12" "19.12. Named outcomes". Document ph_producedby ph_producedbyfor ph_succeedswith at doc339 "19.13" "19.13. Rulebooks producing values". Document PM_CantChangeEverywhere PM_EverywhereMisapplied PM_EverywhereNonBackdrop kind_backdrop at doc34 "3.9" "3.9. Backdrops". Document ph_abide ph_abideanon ph_abidefor at doc340 "19.14" "19.14. Abide by". Document rules_internal at doc341 "19.15" "19.15. Two rulebooks used internally". Document ph_charnum ph_linenum ph_numchars ph_numlines ph_numparas ph_numpwords ph_numupwords ph_numwords ph_paranum ph_pwordnum ph_upwordnum ph_wordnum at doc345 "20.3" "20.3. Characters, words, punctuated words, unpunctuated words, lines, paragraphs". Document ph_inlower ph_inupper ph_lowercase ph_sentencecase ph_titlecase ph_uppercase at doc346 "20.4" "20.4. Upper and lower case letters". Document ph_exactlymatches ph_matches ph_nummatches at doc347 "20.5" "20.5. Matching and exactly matching". Document ph_exactlymatchesre ph_matchesre ph_matchtext ph_nummatchesre ph_subexpressiontext at doc348 "20.6" "20.6. Regular expression matching". Document ph_subform at doc349 "20.7" "20.7. Making new text with text substitutions". Document ph_replace ph_replacechar ph_replaceline ph_replacepara ph_replacepword ph_replacepwordin ph_replacere ph_replaceupword ph_replaceword ph_replacewordin at doc350 "20.8" "20.8. Replacements". Document kind_listof at doc352 "21.1" "21.1. Lists and entries". Document PM_BadConstantListEntry PM_CantLetEmptyList PM_IncompatibleConstantListEntry PM_NonconstantConstantListEntry at doc353 "21.2" "21.2. Constant lists". Document phs_listbraced phs_listdef phs_listindef at doc354 "21.3" "21.3. Saying lists of values". Document ph_islistedin ph_isnotlistedin ph_repeatlist at doc355 "21.4" "21.4. Testing and iterating over lists". Document ph_addatentry ph_addlistatentry ph_addlisttolist ph_addtolist ph_rementries ph_rementry ph_remfromlist ph_remlistfromlist at doc356 "21.5" "21.5. Building lists". Document ph_listofdesc at doc357 "21.6" "21.6. Lists of objects". Document ph_reverselist ph_rotatelist ph_rotatelistback ph_sortlist ph_sortlistproperty ph_sortlistpropertyreverse ph_sortlistrandom ph_sortlistreverse at doc359 "21.8" "21.8. Sorting, reversing and rotating lists". Document PM_TextWithoutSubject PM_TwoAppearances at doc36 "3.11" "3.11. Two descriptions of things". Document ph_numberentries at doc360 "21.9" "21.9. Accessing entries in a list". Document ph_changelength ph_extend ph_truncate ph_truncatefirst ph_truncatelast at doc361 "21.10" "21.10. Lengthening or shortening a list". Document kind_description ph_valuematch at doc364 "22.2" "22.2. Descriptions as values". Document ph_applied0 ph_applied1 ph_applied2 ph_applied3 ph_apply0 ph_apply1 ph_apply2 ph_apply3 at doc365 "22.3" "22.3. Phrases as values". Document ph_appliedlist ph_filter ph_reduction at doc367 "22.5" "22.5. Map, filter and reduce". Document PM_BadMapCell PM_BothWaysDoor PM_DoorInThirdRoom PM_DoorOverconnected PM_DoorToNonRoom PM_DoorUnconnected PM_RoomMissingDoor kind_door ph_backside ph_directionofdoor ph_frontside ph_othersideof at doc37 "3.12" "3.12. Doors". Document PM_UnknownVirtualMachine at doc375 "23.3" "23.3. Virtual machines and story file formats". Document FIGURES kind_figurename at doc376 "23.4" "23.4. Gathering the figures". Document PM_PictureDuplicate PM_PictureNotTextual at doc377 "23.5" "23.5. Declaring and previewing the figures". Document ph_displayfigure at doc378 "23.6" "23.6. Displaying the figures". Document SOUNDS kind_soundname at doc379 "23.7" "23.7. Recorded sounds". Document PM_SoundDuplicate PM_SoundNotTextual ph_playsf at doc380 "23.8" "23.8. Declaring and playing back sounds". Document ph_figureid ph_soundid at doc382 "23.10" "23.10. Some technicalities about figures and sounds". Document EFILES at doc383 "23.11" "23.11. Files". Document PM_BadFileIFID PM_BadFileOwner PM_FilenameDuplicate PM_FilenameNotTextual PM_FilenameUnsafe kind_externalfile at doc384 "23.12" "23.12. Declaring files". Document ph_fileexists ph_readtable ph_writetable at doc385 "23.13" "23.13. Writing and reading tables to external files". Document ph_appendtext ph_saytext ph_writetext at doc386 "23.14" "23.14. Writing, reading and appending text to files". Document ph_fileready ph_markfilenotready ph_markfileready at doc387 "23.15" "23.15. Exchanging files with other programs". Document kind_device at doc39 "3.14" "3.14. Devices and descriptions". Document PM_BadEpisode at doc397 "25.2" "25.2. Bibliographic data". Document LCARDS at doc399 "25.4" "25.4. The Library Card". Document PM_NoStartRoom PM_StartsOutsideRooms at doc4 "1.4" "1.4. The Go! button". Document IFIDS at doc400 "25.5" "25.5. The Treaty of Babel and the IFID". Document PM_NoSuchPublicRelease release_files at doc401 "25.6" "25.6. The Release button and the Materials folder". Document PM_ReleaseAlong at doc402 "25.7" "25.7. The Joy of Feelies". Document release_cover at doc403 "25.8" "25.8. Cover art". Document release_booklet release_postcard at doc404 "25.9" "25.9. An introductory booklet and postcard". Document release_website at doc405 "25.10" "25.10. A website". Document release_interpreter at doc406 "25.11" "25.11. A playable web page". Document kind_vehicle at doc41 "3.16" "3.16. Vehicles and pushable things". Document PM_RoomInIgnoredSource at doc410 "25.15" "25.15. Republishing existing works of IF". Document release_solution at doc411 "25.16" "25.16. Walkthrough solutions". Document release_card release_source at doc412 "25.17" "25.17. Releasing the source text". Document MAPHINTS PM_MapBadRubric PM_MapDirectionClue PM_MapFromNonRoom PM_MapHintUnknown PM_MapLevelMisnamed PM_MapNonLateral PM_MapPlacement PM_MapPlacementDirection PM_MapSettingOfUnknown PM_MapSettingTooLong PM_MapSettingTypeFailed PM_MapSettingUnknown PM_MapToNonRoom PM_MapUnknownColour PM_MapUnknownOffset PM_MapUnknownOffsetBase at doc413 "25.18" "25.18. Improving the index map". Document EPSMAP at doc414 "25.19" "25.19. Producing an EPS format map". Document kind_person at doc42 "3.17" "3.17. Men, women and animals". Document EXTENSIONS at doc430 "27.1" "27.1. The status of extensions". Document SRULES at doc431 "27.2" "27.2. The Standard Rules". Document PM_ExtBeginsAfterEndsHere PM_ExtEndsWithoutBegins PM_ExtMultipleBeginsHere PM_ExtMultipleEndsHere PM_ExtNoBeginsHere PM_ExtNoEndsHere at doc434 "27.5" "27.5. A simple example extension". Document PM_ExtNoVersion PM_ExtVersionTooLow phs_compextcredits phs_extcredits at doc435 "27.6" "27.6. Version numbering". Document PM_HeadingInPlaceOfUnincluded PM_HeadingInPlaceOfUnknown PM_UnequalHeadingInPlaceOf at doc438 "27.9" "27.9. Extensions can interact with other extensions". Document PM_ImplicationCertain PM_ImplicationValueProperty at doc442 "27.13" "27.13. Implications". Document PM_BadInlineExpansion PM_BadInlineTag PM_InlineRule PM_InlineTooLong PM_UnendingI6 at doc444 "27.15" "27.15. Defining phrases in Inform 6". Document PM_BadObjectTranslation at doc450 "27.21" "27.21. Inform 6 objects and classes". Document PM_NonPropertyTranslated PM_NonQuantityTranslated PM_QuantityTranslatedAlready PM_TranslatedToNonIdentifier PM_TranslatedTwice PM_TranslatedUnknownCategory PM_TranslatesActionAlready PM_TranslatesNonAction at doc451 "27.22" "27.22. Inform 6 variables, properties, actions, and attributes". Document PM_GrammarTranslatedAlready at doc452 "27.23" "27.23. Inform 6 Understand tokens". Document PM_UnicodeAlready PM_UnicodeNonLiteral PM_UnicodeOutOfRange at doc454 "27.25" "27.25. Naming Unicode characters". Document PM_BadI6Inclusion PM_BeforeTheLibrary PM_NoSuchPart PM_NoSuchTemplate PM_WhenDefiningUnknown at doc455 "27.26" "27.26. The template layer". Document PM_LabelNamespaceTooLong at doc458 "27.29" "27.29. Invocation labels, counters and storage". Document kind_player's at doc46 "3.21" "3.21. The player's holdall". Document PM_PartOfRoom PM_RoomOrDoorAsPart at doc48 "3.23" "3.23. Parts of things". Document ph_locationof at doc50 "3.25" "3.25. The location of something". Document PM_DirectionTooLong PM_ImproperlyMadeDirection PM_NamelessDirection PM_TooManyDirections kind_direction at doc51 "3.26" "3.26. Directions". Document NEWKINDS at doc52 "4.1" "4.1. New kinds". Document PM_PluralIsQuoted PM_PluralOfQuoted at doc55 "4.4" "4.4. Plural assertions". Document KINDSVALUE at doc56 "4.5" "4.5. Kinds of value". Document PM_ValueCantHaveProperties PM_ValueCantHaveVProperties at doc57 "4.6" "4.6. Properties again". Document PM_EitherOrAsValue PM_MiscellaneousEOProblem PM_NonObjectCanBe PM_QualifiedCanBe PM_ThisIsEitherOr at doc58 "4.7" "4.7. New either/or properties". Document PM_BadProvides PM_BadVisibilityWhen PM_PropertyCalledArticle PM_PropertyCalledPresence PM_PropertyKindClashes PM_PropertyKindUnknown PM_PropertyKindVague PM_PropertyNameForbidden PM_PropertyOfKind1 PM_PropertyTooSpecific PM_PropertyUninitialisable PM_RedundantThatVaries at doc59 "4.8" "4.8. New value properties". Document PM_EitherOnThree at doc61 "4.10" "4.10. Conditions of things". Document ph_defaultvalue at doc62 "4.11" "4.11. Default values of kinds". Document PM_EmptyKind VARIABLES var_location at doc63 "4.12" "4.12. Values that vary". Document PM_TooManyDuplicates at doc65 "4.14" "4.14. Duplicates". Document PM_AssemblyLoop PM_AssemblyRegress PM_ComplexEvery at doc66 "4.15" "4.15. Assemblies and body parts". Document PM_TSWithComma PM_TSWithPunctuation at doc69 "5.1" "5.1. Text with substitutions". Document phs_apostrophe phs_bracket phs_closebracket phs_quotemark at doc70 "5.2" "5.2. How Inform reads quoted text". Document ph_say phs_A phs_The phs_a phs_the at doc71 "5.3" "5.3. Text which names things". Document phs_numwords phs_s at doc72 "5.4" "5.4. Text with numbers". Document phs_Alistof phs_Thelistof phs_alistof phs_alistofconts phs_isalistof phs_islistof phs_isthelistof phs_listof phs_thelistof at doc73 "5.5" "5.5. Text with lists". Document PM_SayEndIfWithoutSayIf PM_SayIfNested PM_SayOtherwiseWithoutIf phs_elseif phs_elseunless phs_endif phs_endunless phs_if phs_otherwise phs_unless at doc74 "5.6" "5.6. Text with variations". Document PM_ComplicatedSayStructure PM_ComplicatedSayStructure2 PM_ComplicatedSayStructure3 PM_ComplicatedSayStructure4 PM_ComplicatedSayStructure5 phs_cycling phs_decreasing phs_firsttime phs_oneof phs_or phs_order phs_purelyrandom phs_random phs_sticky phs_stopping phs_thenpurelyrandom phs_thenrandom at doc75 "5.7" "5.7. Text with random alternatives". Document ph_breakpending phs_clarifbreak phs_condparabreak phs_linebreak phs_nolinebreak phs_parabreak phs_runparaon phs_runparaonsls at doc76 "5.8" "5.8. Line breaks and paragraph breaks". Document phs_bold phs_fixedspacing phs_italic phs_roman phs_varspacing at doc77 "5.9" "5.9. Text with type styles". Document PM_MidTextUnicode PM_SayUnicode at doc79 "5.11" "5.11. Unicode characters". Document ph_boxed at doc80 "5.12" "5.12. Displaying quotations". Document DESCRIPTIONS ph_numberof at doc82 "6.1" "6.1. What are descriptions?". Document PM_AdjDomainSlippery PM_AdjDomainSurreal PM_AdjDomainUnknown PM_ArticleAsAdjective PM_DefinitionBadCondition PM_DefinitionWithoutCondition at doc85 "6.4" "6.4. Defining new adjectives". Document PM_ComparativeMisapplied PM_GradingCalled PM_GradingMisphrased PM_GradingNonLiteral PM_GradingUnknownProperty PM_GradingUnless PM_GradingWrongKOV PM_MultiwordGrading at doc88 "6.7" "6.7. Comparatives". Document PM_OutOfPlay at doc91 "6.10" "6.10. Existence and there". Document ph_bestroute ph_bestroutelength ph_bestroutethrough ph_bestroutethroughlength ph_doordirof ph_roomdirof ph_roomordoor at doc95 "6.14" "6.14. Adjacent rooms and routes through the map". Document PM_ComplexDeterminer at doc96 "6.15" "6.15. All, each and every". Document ACTIONS PM_APUnknown PM_APWithNoParticiple PM_NonActionIn kind_actionname at doc98 "7.1" "7.1. Actions". Document rules_instead at doc99 "7.2" "7.2. Instead rules". [...and so on...] Use ineffectual translates as (- ! Use ineffectual does nothing. -). Use interactive fiction language elements. Use ALLOC_CHUNK_SIZE of 32000. Use MAX_ARRAYS of 10000. Use MAX_CLASSES of 200. Use MAX_VERBS of 255. Use MAX_LABELS of 10000. Use MAX_ZCODE_SIZE of 500000. Use MAX_STATIC_DATA of 180000. Use MAX_PROP_TABLE_SIZE of 200000. Use MAX_INDIV_PROP_TABLE_SIZE of 20000. Use MAX_STACK_SIZE of 65536. Use MAX_SYMBOLS of 20000. Use MAX_EXPRESSION_NODES of 256. Use MAX_LABELS of 200000. Use MAX_LOCAL_VARIABLES of 256. Use dynamic memory allocation of at least 8192 translates as   (- Constant DynamicMemoryAllocation = {N}; -). Use maximum text length of at least 1024 translates as   (- Constant TEXT_TY_BufferSize = {N}+3; -). Use index figure thumbnails of at least 50 translates as   (- Constant MAX_FIGURE_THUMBNAILS_IN_INDEX = {N}; -). Use dynamic memory allocation of at least 8192. Use maximum things understood at once of at least 100 translates as   (- Constant MATCH_LIST_WORDS = {N}; -). Use maximum things understood at once of at least 100. Use American dialect translates as (- Constant DIALECT_US; -). Use the serial comma translates as (- Constant SERIAL_COMMA; -). Use full-length room descriptions translates as (- #IFNDEF I7_LOOKMODE; Constant I7_LOOKMODE = 2; #ENDIF; -). Use abbreviated room descriptions translates as (- #IFNDEF I7_LOOKMODE; Constant I7_LOOKMODE = 3; #ENDIF; -). Use memory economy translates as (- Constant MEMORY_ECONOMY; -). Use authorial modesty translates as (- Constant AUTHORIAL_MODESTY; -). Use scoring translates as (- #IFNDEF USE_SCORING; Constant USE_SCORING = 1; #ENDIF; -). Use no scoring translates as (- #IFNDEF USE_SCORING; Constant USE_SCORING = 0; #ENDIF; -). Use engineering notation translates as (- Constant USE_E_NOTATION = 0; -). Use unabbreviated object names translates as (- Constant UNABBREVIATED_OBJECT_NAMES = 0; -). Use command line echoing translates as (- Constant ECHO_COMMANDS; -). Use manual pronouns translates as (- Constant MANUAL_PRONOUNS; -). Use undo prevention translates as (- Constant PREVENT_UNDO; -). Use predictable randomisation translates as (- Constant FIX_RNG; -). Use fast route-finding translates as (- Constant FAST_ROUTE_FINDING; -). Use slow route-finding translates as (- Constant SLOW_ROUTE_FINDING; -). Use numbered rules translates as (- Constant NUMBERED_RULES; -). Use telemetry recordings translates as (- Constant TELEMETRY_ON; -). Use no deprecated features translates as (- Constant NO_DEPRECATED_FEATURES; -). Use gn testing version translates as (- Constant GN_TESTING_VERSION; -). Use VERBOSE room descriptions translates as (- Constant DEFAULT_VERBOSE_DESCRIPTIONS; -). Use BRIEF room descriptions translates as (- Constant DEFAULT_BRIEF_DESCRIPTIONS; -). Use SUPERBRIEF room descriptions translates as (- Constant DEFAULT_SUPERBRIEF_DESCRIPTIONS; -). Part SR1 - The Physical World Model Section SR1/0 - Language The verb to be means the equality relation. The verb to have means the possession relation. The verb to relate means the universal relation. The verb to mean means the meaning relation. The verb to provide means the provision relation. The verb to be in means the reversed containment relation. The verb to be inside means the reversed containment relation. The verb to be within means the reversed containment relation. The verb to be held in means the reversed containment relation. The verb to be held inside means the reversed containment relation. The verb to contain means the containment relation. The verb to be contained in means the reversed containment relation. The verb to be on top of means the reversed support relation. The verb to be on means the reversed support relation. The verb to support means the support relation. The verb to be supported on means the reversed support relation. The verb to incorporate means the incorporation relation. The verb to be part of means the reversed incorporation relation. The verb to be a part of means the reversed incorporation relation. The verb to be parts of means the reversed incorporation relation. The verb to enclose means the enclosure relation. The verb to carry means the carrying relation. The verb to hold means the holding relation. The verb to wear means the wearing relation. Definition: a thing is worn if the player is wearing it. Definition: a thing is carried if the player is carrying it. Definition: a thing is held if the player is holding it. The verb to be able to see means the visibility relation. The verb to be able to touch means the touchability relation. Definition: Something is visible rather than invisible if the player can see it. Definition: Something is touchable rather than untouchable if the player can touch it. The verb to conceal (he conceals, they conceal, he concealed, it is concealed, he is concealing) means the concealment relation. Definition: Something is concealed rather than unconcealed if the holder of it conceals it. Definition: Something is on-stage rather than off-stage if I6 routine "OnStage"   makes it so (it is indirectly in one of the rooms). Definition: Something is offstage if it is off-stage. The verb to be greater than means the numerically-greater-than relation. The verb to be less than means the numerically-less-than relation. The verb to be at least means the numerically-greater-than-or-equal-to relation. The verb to be at most means the numerically-less-than-or-equal-to relation. Section SR1/1 - Primitive Kinds A room is a kind. [1] A thing is a kind. [2] A direction is a kind. [3] A door is a kind of thing. [4] A container is a kind of thing. [5] A supporter is a kind of thing. [6] A backdrop is a kind of thing. [7] The plural of person is people. The plural of person is persons. A person is a kind of thing. [8] A region is a kind. [9] An object has a text called specification. An object has a text called indefinite appearance text. An object has a value called variable initial value. An object has a text called list grouping key. An object has a text called printed name. An object has a text called printed plural name. An object has a text called an indefinite article. An object can be plural-named or singular-named. An object is usually singular-named. An object can be proper-named or improper-named. An object is usually improper-named. An object can be ambiguously plural. Section SR1/2 - Rooms The specification of room is "Represents geographical locations, both indoor and outdoor, which are not necessarily areas in a building. A player in one room is mostly unable to sense, or interact with, anything in a different room. Rooms are arranged in a map." A room can be privately-named or publicly-named. A room is usually publicly-named. A room can be lighted or dark. A room is usually lighted. A room can be visited or unvisited. A room is usually unvisited. A room has a text called description. A room has an object called map region. The map region of a room is usually nothing. The verb to be adjacent to means the reversed adjacency relation. Definition: A room is adjacent if it is adjacent to the location. The verb to be regionally in means the reversed regional-containment relation. The specification of region is "Represents a broader area than a single room, and allows rules to apply to a whole geographical territory. Each region can contain many rooms, and regions can even be inside each other, though they cannot otherwise overlap. For instance, the room Place d'Italie might be inside the region 13th Arrondissement, which in turn is inside the region Paris. Regions are useful mainly when the world is a large one, and are optional." A region can be privately-named or publicly-named. A region is usually publicly-named. Section SR1/3 - Things The specification of thing is "Represents anything interactive in the model world that is not a room. People, pieces of scenery, furniture, doors and mislaid umbrellas might all be examples, and so might more surprising things like the sound of birdsong or a shaft of sunlight." A thing can be lit or unlit. A thing is usually unlit. A thing can be edible or inedible. A thing is usually inedible. A thing can be fixed in place or portable. A thing is usually portable. A thing can be scenery. A thing can be wearable. A thing can be pushable between rooms. A thing can be handled. A thing can be privately-named or publicly-named. A thing is usually publicly-named. A thing can be described or undescribed. A thing is usually described. A thing can be marked for listing or unmarked for listing. A thing is usually unmarked for listing. A thing can be mentioned or unmentioned. A thing is usually mentioned. A thing has a text called a description. A thing has a text called an initial appearance. Scenery is usually fixed in place. [An implication.] Section SR1/4 - Directions The specification of direction is "Represents a direction of movement, such as northeast or down. They always occur in opposite, matched pairs: northeast and southwest, for instance; down and up." A direction can be privately-named or publicly-named. A direction is usually publicly-named. A direction can be marked for listing or unmarked for listing. A direction is usually unmarked for listing. A direction has a direction called an opposite. Include (-   has scenery, ! class CompassDirection, -) when defining a direction. The north is a direction. The northeast is a direction. The northwest is a direction. The south is a direction. The southeast is a direction. The southwest is a direction. The east is a direction. The west is a direction. The up is a direction. The down is a direction. The inside is a direction. The outside is a direction. The north has opposite south. Understand "n" as north. The northeast has opposite southwest. Understand "ne" as northeast. The northwest has opposite southeast. Understand "nw" as northwest. The south has opposite north. Understand "s" as south. The southeast has opposite northwest. Understand "se" as southeast. The southwest has opposite northeast. Understand "sw" as southwest. The east has opposite west. Understand "e" as east. The west has opposite east. Understand "w" as west. Up has opposite down. Understand "u" as up. Down has opposite up. Understand "d" as down. Inside has opposite outside. Understand "in" as inside. Outside has opposite inside. Understand "out" as outside. The inside object translates into I6 as "in_obj". The outside object translates into I6 as "out_obj". The verb to be above means the reversed mapping up relation. The verb to be mapped above means the reversed mapping up relation. The verb to be below means the reversed mapping down relation. The verb to be mapped below means the reversed mapping down relation. Section SR1/5 - Doors The specification of door is "Represents a conduit joining two rooms, most often a door or gate but sometimes a plank bridge, a slide or a hatchway. Usually visible and operable from both sides (for instance if you write 'The blue door is east of the Ballroom and west of the Garden.'), but sometimes only one-way (for instance if you write 'East of the Ballroom is the long slide. Through the long slide is the cellar.')." A door is always fixed in place. A door is never pushable between rooms. Include (- has door, -) when defining a door. A door has an object called other side. The other side property translates into I6 as "door_to". Leading-through relates one room (called the other side) to various doors. The verb to be through means the leading-through relation. Section SR1/6 - Containers The specification of container is "Represents something into which portable things can be put, such as a teachest or a handbag. Something with a really large immobile interior, such as the Albert Hall, had better be a room instead." A container can be enterable. A container can be opaque or transparent. A container is usually opaque. A container has a number called carrying capacity. The carrying capacity of a container is usually 100. Include (- has container, -) when defining a container. Section SR1/7 - Supporters The specification of supporter is "Represents a surface on which things can be placed, such as a table." A supporter can be enterable. A supporter has a number called carrying capacity. The carrying capacity of a supporter is usually 100. A supporter is usually fixed in place. Include (-   has transparent supporter -) when defining a supporter. Section SR1/8 - Openability A door can be open or closed. A door is usually closed. A door can be openable or unopenable. A door is usually openable. A container can be open or closed. A container is usually open. A container can be openable or unopenable. A container is usually unopenable. Section SR1/9 - Lockability A door can be lockable. A door is usually not lockable. A door can be locked or unlocked. A door is usually unlocked. A door has an object called a matching key. A locked door is usually lockable. [An implication.] A locked door is usually closed. [An implication.] A lockable door is usually openable. [An implication.] A container can be lockable. A container is usually not lockable. A container can be locked or unlocked. A container is usually unlocked. A container has an object called a matching key. A locked container is usually lockable. [An implication.] A locked container is usually closed. [An implication.] A lockable container is usually openable. [An implication.] Lock-fitting relates one thing (called the matching key) to various things. The verb to unlock means the lock-fitting relation. Section SR1/10 - Backdrops The specification of backdrop is "Represents an aspect of the landscape or architecture which extends across more than one room: for instance, a stream, the sky or a long carpet." A backdrop is usually scenery. A backdrop is always fixed in place. A backdrop is never pushable between rooms. Section SR1/11 - People The specification of person is "Despite the name, not necessarily a human being, but anything animate enough to envisage having a conversation with, or bartering with." A person can be female or male. A person is usually male. A person can be neuter. A person is usually not neuter. A person has a number called carrying capacity. The carrying capacity of a person is usually 100. Include (-   has transparent animate   with before NULL, -) when defining a person. The yourself is an undescribed person. The yourself is proper-named. The yourself is privately-named. Understand "your former self" or "my former self" or "former self" or   "former" as yourself when the player is not yourself. The description of yourself is usually "As good-looking as ever." The yourself object translates into I6 as "selfobj". Include (-   with saved_short_name (+ "yourself" +), -) when defining yourself. Section SR1/12 - Animals, men and women The plural of man is men. The plural of woman is women. A man is a kind of person. The specification of man is "Represents a man or boy." A man is always male. A man is never neuter. A woman is a kind of person. The specification of woman is "Represents a woman or girl." A woman is always female. A woman is never neuter. An animal is a kind of person. The specification of animal is "Represents an animal, or at any rate a non-human living creature reasonably large and possible to interact with: a giant Venus fly-trap might qualify, but not a patch of lichen." Section SR1/13 - Devices A device is a kind of thing. A device can be switched on or switched off. A device is usually switched off. Include (- has switchable, -) when defining a device. The specification of device is "Represents a machine or contrivance of some kind which can be switched on or off." Section SR1/14 - Vehicles A vehicle is a kind of container. The specification of vehicle is "Represents a container large enough for a person to enter, and which can then move between rooms at the driver's instruction. (If a supporter is needed instead, try the extension Rideable Vehicles by Graham Nelson.)" A vehicle is always enterable. A vehicle is usually not portable. Section SR1/15 - Player's holdall A player's holdall is a kind of container. The specification of player's holdall is "Represents a container which the player can carry around as a sort of rucksack, into which spare items are automatically stowed away." A player's holdall is always portable. A player's holdall is usually openable. Include (-   Constant RUCKSACK_CLASS = (+ player's holdall +); -) after "Definitions.i6t". Section SR1/16 - Inform 6 equivalents The wearable property translates into I6 as "clothing". The undescribed property translates into I6 as "concealed". The edible property translates into I6 as "edible". The enterable property translates into I6 as "enterable". The female property translates into I6 as "female". The mentioned property translates into I6 as "mentioned". The lit property translates into I6 as "light". The lighted property translates into I6 as "light". The lockable property translates into I6 as "lockable". The locked property translates into I6 as "locked". The handled property translates into I6 as "moved". The neuter property translates into I6 as "neuter". The switched on property translates into I6 as "on". The open property translates into I6 as "open". The openable property translates into I6 as "openable". The privately-named property translates into I6 as "privately_named". The plural-named property translates into I6 as "pluralname". The ambiguously plural property translates into I6 as "ambigpluralname". The proper-named property translates into I6 as "proper". The pushable between rooms property translates into I6 as "pushable". The scenery property translates into I6 as "scenery". The fixed in place property translates into I6 as "static". The transparent property translates into I6 as "transparent". The visited property translates into I6 as "visited". The marked for listing property translates into I6 as "workflag". The list grouping key property translates into I6 as "list_together". The indefinite article property translates into I6 as "article". The carrying capacity property translates into I6 as "capacity". The description property translates into I6 as "description". The initial appearance property translates into I6 as "initial". The map region property translates into I6 as "map_region". The printed plural name property translates into I6 as "plural". The printed name property translates into I6 as "short_name". The matching key property translates into I6 as "with_key". Part SR2 - Variables and Rulebooks Section SR2/1 - Situation The player is a person that varies. [*] The player variable translates into I6 as "player". The location -- documented at var_location -- is an object that varies. [*] The score -- documented at var_score -- is a number that varies. The last notified score is a number that varies. The maximum score is a number that varies. [*] The turn count is a number that varies. The time of day -- documented at var_time -- is a time that varies. [*] The darkness witnessed is a truth state that varies. The location variable translates into I6 as "real_location". The score variable translates into I6 as "score". The last notified score variable translates into I6 as "last_score". The maximum score variable translates into I6 as "MAX_SCORE". The turn count variable translates into I6 as "turns". The time of day variable translates into I6 as "the_time". Section SR2/2 - Current action The noun -- documented at var_noun -- is an object that varies. [*] The second noun is an object that varies. [*] The person asked -- documented at var_person_asked -- is an object that varies. [*] The reason the action failed -- documented at var_reason -- is an action name based rule producing nothing that varies. The item described is an object that varies. The noun variable translates into I6 as "noun". The second noun variable translates into I6 as "second". The person asked variable translates into I6 as "actor". The reason the action failed variable translates into I6 as "reason_the_action_failed". The item described variable translates into I6 as "self". Section SR2/3 - Used when ruling on accessibility The person reaching -- documented at var_person_reaching -- is an object that varies. The container in question is an object that varies. The supporter in question is an object that varies. The particular possession -- documented at var_particular -- is a thing that varies. The person reaching variable translates into I6 as "actor". The container in question variable translates into I6 as "parameter_object". The supporter in question variable translates into I6 as "parameter_object". The particular possession variable translates into I6 as "particular_possession". Section SR2/4 - Used when understanding typed commands The player's command -- documented at var_command -- is a snippet that varies. The matched text is a snippet that varies. The number understood -- documented at var_understood -- is a number that varies. [*] The real number understood -- documented at var_understood -- is a real number that varies. [*] The time understood is a time that varies. [*] The topic understood is a snippet that varies. [*] The truth state understood is a truth state that varies. [*] The current item from the multiple object list is an object that varies. The player's command variable translates into I6 as "players_command". The matched text variable translates into I6 as "matched_text". The topic understood variable translates into I6 as "parsed_number". The current item from the multiple object list variable translates into I6 as   "multiple_object_item". Section SR2/5 - Presentation on screen The command prompt -- documented at var_prompt -- is a text that varies. [**] The command prompt is ">". The left hand status line -- documented at var_sl -- is a text that varies. The right hand status line is a text that varies. The left hand status line variable translates into I6 as "left_hand_status_line". The right hand status line variable translates into I6 as "right_hand_status_line". The listing group size is a number that varies. The listing group size variable translates into I6 as "listing_size". Section SR2/6 - Language generation A natural language is a kind of value. The language of play is a natural language that varies. The prior named object is an object that varies. The prior named object variable translates into I6 as "prior_named_noun". Section SR2/6a - Unindexed Standard Rules variables - Unindexed The story title, the story author, the story headline, the story genre and the story description are text variables. [*****] The release number and the story creation year are number variables. [**] The release number is usually 1. The story headline is usually "An Interactive Fiction". The story genre is usually "Fiction". The story title variable translates into I6 as "Story". Section SR2/6b - Unindexed Standard Rules variables - Unindexed (for figures language element only) Figure of cover is the file of cover art ("The cover art."). Section SR2/6c - Unindexed Standard Rules variables - Unindexed The I6-nothing-constant is an object that varies. [*] The I6-nothing-constant variable translates into I6 as "nothing". The I6-varying-global is an object that varies. [*] The I6-varying-global variable translates into I6 as "nothing". The item-pushed-between-rooms is an object that varies. The item-pushed-between-rooms variable translates into I6 as "move_pushing". The actor-location is an object that varies. [*] The actor-location variable translates into I6 as "actor_location". The parameter-object is an object that varies. [*] The parameter-object variable translates into I6 as "parameter_value". The scene being changed is a scene that varies. [*] The scene being changed variable translates into I6 as "parameter_value". Section SR2/7 - The Standard Rulebooks Startup rules is a rulebook. [0] Turn sequence rules is a rulebook. [1] Shutdown rules is a rulebook. [2] Scene changing rules is a rulebook. [3] When play begins is a rulebook. [4] When play ends is a rulebook. [5] When scene begins is a scene based rulebook. [6] When scene ends is a scene based rulebook. [7] Every turn rules is a rulebook. [8] Action-processing rules is a rulebook. [9] The action-processing rulebook has a person called the actor. Setting action variables is a rulebook. [10] The specific action-processing rules is a rulebook. [11] The specific action-processing rulebook has a truth state called action in world. The specific action-processing rulebook has a truth state called action keeping silent. The specific action-processing rulebook has a rulebook called specific check rulebook. The specific action-processing rulebook has a rulebook called specific carry out rulebook. The specific action-processing rulebook has a rulebook called specific report rulebook. The specific action-processing rulebook has a truth state called within the player's sight. The player's action awareness rules is a rulebook. [12] Accessibility rules is a rulebook. [13] Reaching inside rules is an object-based rulebook. [14] Reaching inside rules have outcomes allow access (success) and deny access (failure). Reaching outside rules is an object-based rulebook. [15] Reaching outside rules have outcomes allow access (success) and deny access (failure). Visibility rules is a rulebook. [16] Visibility rules have outcomes there is sufficient light (failure) and there is insufficient light (success). Persuasion rules is a rulebook. [17] Persuasion rules have outcomes persuasion succeeds (success) and persuasion fails (failure). Unsuccessful attempt by is a rulebook. [18] Before rules is a rulebook. [19] Instead rules is a rulebook. [20] Check rules is a rulebook. [21] Carry out rules is a rulebook. [22] After rules is a rulebook. [23] Report rules is a rulebook. [24] The does the player mean rules is a rulebook. [25] The does the player mean rules have outcomes it is very likely, it is likely, it is possible, it is unlikely and it is very unlikely. Include (-   [ CheckDPMR result sinp1 sinp2 rv;      sinp1 = inp1; sinp2 = inp2; inp1 = noun; inp2 = second;      rv = FollowRulebook( (+does the player mean rules+) );      inp1 = sinp1; inp2 = sinp2;      if ((rv) && RulebookSucceeded()) {         result = ResultOfRule();         if (result == (+ it is very likely outcome +) ) return 4;         if (result == (+ it is likely outcome +) ) return 3;         if (result == (+ it is possible outcome +) ) return 2;         if (result == (+ it is unlikely outcome +) ) return 1;         if (result == (+ it is very unlikely outcome +) ) return 0;      }      return 2;   ]; -). The multiple action processing rules is a rulebook. [26] Section SR2/8 - The Standard Rules The little-used do nothing rule translates into I6 as "LITTLE_USED_DO_NOTHING_R". Include (- [ LITTLE_USED_DO_NOTHING_R; rfalse; ]; -). The start in the correct scenes rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [7th.] The position player in model world rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [6th.] This is the declare everything initially unmentioned rule:   repeat with item running through things:      now the item is not mentioned. The declare everything initially unmentioned rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [5th] The update chronological records rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [4th.] The seed random number generator rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [3rd.] The virtual machine startup rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [2nd.] The initialise memory rule is listed first in the startup rulebook. [1st.] The virtual machine startup rule translates into I6 as "VIRTUAL_MACHINE_STARTUP_R". The initialise memory rule translates into I6 as "INITIALISE_MEMORY_R". The seed random number generator rule translates into I6 as "SEED_RANDOM_NUMBER_GENERATOR_R". The update chronological records rule translates into I6 as "UPDATE_CHRONOLOGICAL_RECORDS_R". The position player in model world rule translates into I6 as "POSITION_PLAYER_IN_MODEL_R". This is the start in the correct scenes rule: follow the scene changing rules. The when play begins stage rule is listed in the startup rulebook. The fix baseline scoring rule is listed in the startup rulebook. The display banner rule is listed in the startup rulebook. The initial room description rule is listed in the startup rulebook. This is the when play begins stage rule: follow the when play begins rulebook. This is the fix baseline scoring rule: now the last notified score is the score. This is the display banner rule: say "[banner text]". This is the initial room description rule: try looking. A first turn sequence rule (this is the every turn stage rule): follow the every turn rules. [5th.] A first turn sequence rule: follow the scene changing rules. [4th.] The generate action rule is listed first in the turn sequence rulebook. [3rd.] The declare everything initially unmentioned rule is listed first in the turn sequence rulebook. [2nd.] The parse command rule is listed first in the turn sequence rulebook. [1st.] The timed events rule is listed in the turn sequence rulebook. The advance time rule is listed in the turn sequence rulebook. The update chronological records rule is listed in the turn sequence rulebook. A last turn sequence rule: follow the scene changing rules. [3rd from last.] The adjust light rule is listed last in the turn sequence rulebook. [2nd from last.] The note object acquisitions rule is listed last in the turn sequence rulebook. [Penultimate.] The notify score changes rule is listed last in the turn sequence rulebook. [Last.] This is the notify score changes rule:   if the score is not the last notified score:      issue score notification message;      now the last notified score is the score; The adjust light rule translates into I6 as "ADJUST_LIGHT_R" with   "[It] [are] [if story tense is present tense]now [end if]pitch dark in   [if story tense is present tense]here[else]there[end if]!" (A). The advance time rule translates into I6 as "ADVANCE_TIME_R". The generate action rule translates into I6 as "GENERATE_ACTION_R" with   "(considering the first sixteen objects only)[command clarification break]" (A),   "Nothing to do!" (B). The note object acquisitions rule translates into I6 as "NOTE_OBJECT_ACQUISITIONS_R". The parse command rule translates into I6 as "PARSE_COMMAND_R". The timed events rule translates into I6 as "TIMED_EVENTS_R". The when play ends stage rule is listed first in the shutdown rulebook. The resurrect player if asked rule is listed last in the shutdown rulebook. The print player's obituary rule is listed last in the shutdown rulebook. The ask the final question rule is listed last in the shutdown rulebook. This is the when play ends stage rule: follow the when play ends rulebook. This is the print player's obituary rule:   carry out the printing the player's obituary activity. The resurrect player if asked rule translates into I6 as "RESURRECT_PLAYER_IF_ASKED_R". The ask the final question rule translates into I6 as "ASK_FINAL_QUESTION_R". The scene change machinery rule is listed last in the scene changing rulebook. The scene change machinery rule translates into I6 as "DetectSceneChange". Section SR2/9 - The Entire Game scene The Entire Game is a scene. The Entire Game begins when the story has not ended. The Entire Game ends when the story has ended. Section SR2/10 - Action processing The before stage rule is listed first in the action-processing rules. [3rd.] The set pronouns from items from multiple object lists rule is listed first in the   action-processing rules. [2nd.] The announce items from multiple object lists rule is listed first in the   action-processing rules. [1st.] The basic visibility rule is listed in the action-processing rules. The basic accessibility rule is listed in the action-processing rules. The carrying requirements rule is listed in the action-processing rules. The instead stage rule is listed last in the action-processing rules. [4th from last.] The requested actions require persuasion rule is listed last in the action-processing rules. The carry out requested actions rule is listed last in the action-processing rules. The descend to specific action-processing rule is listed last in the action-processing rules. The end action-processing in success rule is listed last in the action-processing rules. [Last.] This is the set pronouns from items from multiple object lists rule:   if the current item from the multiple object list is not nothing,      set pronouns from the current item from the multiple object list. This is the announce items from multiple object lists rule:   if the current item from the multiple object list is not nothing,      say "[current item from the multiple object list]: [run paragraph on]" (A). This is the before stage rule: abide by the before rules. This is the instead stage rule: abide by the instead rules. This is the end action-processing in success rule: rule succeeds. The basic accessibility rule translates into I6 as "BASIC_ACCESSIBILITY_R" with   "You must name something more substantial." (A). The basic visibility rule translates into I6 as "BASIC_VISIBILITY_R" with   "[It] [are] pitch dark, and [we] [can't see] a thing." (A). The carrying requirements rule translates into I6 as "CARRYING_REQUIREMENTS_R". The requested actions require persuasion rule translates into I6 as   "REQUESTED_ACTIONS_REQUIRE_R" with    "[The noun] [have] better things to do." (A). The carry out requested actions rule translates into I6 as   "CARRY_OUT_REQUESTED_ACTIONS_R" with   "[The noun] [are] unable to do that." (A). The descend to specific action-processing rule translates into I6 as "DESCEND_TO_SPECIFIC_ACTION_R". The work out details of specific action rule is listed first in the specific action-processing rules. A specific action-processing rule   (this is the investigate player's awareness before action rule):   follow the player's action awareness rules;   if rule succeeded, now within the player's sight is true;   otherwise now within the player's sight is false. A specific action-processing rule (this is the check stage rule):   anonymously abide by the specific check rulebook. A specific action-processing rule (this is the carry out stage rule):   follow the specific carry out rulebook. A specific action-processing rule (this is the after stage rule):   if action in world is true, abide by the after rules. A specific action-processing rule   (this is the investigate player's awareness after action rule):   if within the player's sight is false:      follow the player's action awareness rules;      if rule succeeded, now within the player's sight is true; A specific action-processing rule (this is the report stage rule):   if within the player's sight is true and action keeping silent is false,      follow the specific report rulebook; The last specific action-processing rule: rule succeeds. The work out details of specific action rule translates into I6 as "WORK_OUT_DETAILS_OF_SPECIFIC_R". A player's action awareness rule   (this is the player aware of his own actions rule):   if the player is the actor, rule succeeds. A player's action awareness rule   (this is the player aware of actions by visible actors rule):   if the player is not the actor and the player can see the actor, rule succeeds. A player's action awareness rule   (this is the player aware of actions on visible nouns rule):   if the noun is a thing and the player can see the noun, rule succeeds. A player's action awareness rule   (this is the player aware of actions on visible second nouns rule):   if the second noun is a thing and the player can see the second noun, rule succeeds. Section SR2/11 - Accessibility The access through barriers rule is listed last in the accessibility rules. The access through barriers rule translates into I6 as   "ACCESS_THROUGH_BARRIERS_R" with   "[regarding the noun][Those] [aren't] available." (A). The can't reach inside rooms rule is listed last in the reaching inside rules. [Penultimate.] The can't reach inside closed containers rule is listed last in the reaching inside rules. [Last.] The can't reach inside closed containers rule translates into I6 as   "CANT_REACH_INSIDE_CLOSED_R" with   "[The noun] [aren't] open." (A). The can't reach inside rooms rule translates into I6 as   "CANT_REACH_INSIDE_ROOMS_R" with   "[We] [can't] reach into [the noun]." (A). The can't reach outside closed containers rule is listed last in the reaching outside rules. The can't reach outside closed containers rule translates into I6 as   "CANT_REACH_OUTSIDE_CLOSED_R" with   "[The noun] [aren't] open." (A). The can't act in the dark rule is listed last in the visibility rules. The last visibility rule (this is the can't act in the dark rule): if in darkness, rule succeeds. Does the player mean taking something which is carried by the player   (this is the very unlikely to mean taking what's already carried rule):   it is very unlikely. Section SR2/12 - Adjectival definitions Definition: a number is even rather than odd if the remainder after dividing it by 2 is 0. Definition: a number is positive if it is greater than zero. Definition: a number is negative if it is less than zero. Definition: a text is empty rather than non-empty if I6 routine   "TEXT_TY_Empty" says so (it contains no characters). Definition: a text is substituted rather than unsubstituted if I6 routine   "TEXT_TY_IsSubstituted" says so (any square-bracketed text substitutions   in it have been made). A scene can be recurring or non-recurring. A scene is usually non-recurring. The Entire Game is recurring. Definition: a scene is happening if I6 condition "scene_status-->(*1-1)==1"   says so (it is currently taking place). Definition: a table name is empty rather than non-empty if the number of filled rows in it is 0. Definition: a table name is full rather than non-full if the number of blank rows in it is 0. Definition: a rulebook is empty rather than non-empty if I6 routine "RulebookEmpty" says so (it   contains no rules, so that following it does nothing and makes no decision). Definition: an activity is empty rather than non-empty if I6 routine "ActivityEmpty" says so (its   before, for and after rulebooks are all empty). Definition: an activity is going on if I6 routine "TestActivity" says so (one   of its three rulebooks is currently being run). Definition: a list of values is empty rather than non-empty if I6 routine   "LIST_OF_TY_Empty" says so (it contains no entries). Definition: a use option is active rather than inactive if I6 routine   "TestUseOption" says so (it has been requested in the source text). Definition: a relation is equivalence if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_EquivalenceAdjective" makes it so (it is an equivalence   relation, that is, it relates in groups). Definition: a relation is symmetric if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_SymmetricAdjective" makes it so (it is a symmetric relation,   that is, it's always true that X is related to Y if and only if Y is   related to X). Definition: a relation is one-to-one if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_OToOAdjective" makes it so (it is a one-to-one relation,   that is, any given X can relate to only one Y, and vice versa). Definition: a relation is one-to-various if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_OToVAdjective" makes it so (it is a one-to-various   relation, that is, any given Y has only one X such that X relates to Y). Definition: a relation is various-to-one if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_VToOAdjective" makes it so (it is a various-to-one   relation, that is, any given X relates to only one Y). Definition: a relation is various-to-various if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_VToVAdjective" makes it so (it is a   various-to-various relation, that is, there are no limitations on how many   X can relate to a given Y, or vice versa). Definition: a relation is empty rather than non-empty if I6 routine   "RELATION_TY_Empty" makes it so (it does not relate any values, that is,   R(x,y) is false for all x and y). Definition: a verb is modal rather than non-modal if I6 routine "VerbIsModal"   says so (it modifies the likelihood of another verb happening, rather than   being meaningful itself). Definition: a verb is meaningful rather than meaningless if I6 routine "VerbIsMeaningful"   says so (it has a meaning in Inform as a relation, rather than existing only to be   printed out). Section SR2/12a - Adjectival definitions (for Glulx only) Definition: a real number is positive if it is greater than zero. Definition: a real number is negative if it is less than zero. Definition: a real number is infinite rather than finite if it is plus infinity   or it is minus infinity. Definition: a real number is nonexistent rather than existent if I6 routine   "REAL_NUMBER_TY_Nan" says so (it results from an impossible calculation,   like the square root of minus one). Section SR2/13 - Scene descriptions A scene has a text called description. When a scene (called the event) begins (this is the scene description text rule):   if the description of the event is not "",      say "[description of the event][paragraph break]". Section SR2/14 - Command parser errors A command parser error is a kind of value. The command parser errors are   didn't understand error,   only understood as far as error,   didn't understand that number error,   can only do that to something animate error,   can't see any such thing error,   said too little error,   aren't holding that error,   can't use multiple objects error,   can only use multiple objects error,   not sure what it refers to error,   excepted something not included error,   not a verb I recognise error,   not something you need to refer to error,   can't see it at the moment error,   didn't understand the way that finished error,   not enough of those available error,   nothing to do error,   noun did not make sense in that context error,   referred to a determination of scope error,   I beg your pardon error,   can't again the addressee error,   comma can't begin error,   can't see whom to talk to error,   can't talk to inanimate things error, and   didn't understand addressee's last name error. The latest parser error is a command parser error that varies. The latest parser error variable translates into I6 as "etype". The list writer internal rule translates into I6 as   "LIST_WRITER_INTERNAL_R" with   " (" (A),   ")" (B),   " and " (C),   "providing light" (D),   "closed" (E),   "empty" (F),   "closed and empty" (G),   "closed and providing light" (H),   "empty and providing light" (I),    "closed, empty[if serial comma option is active],[end if] and providing light" (J),   "providing light and being worn" (K),   "being worn" (L),   "open" (M),   "open but empty" (N),   "closed" (O),   "closed and locked" (P),   "containing" (Q),   "on [if the noun is a person]whom[otherwise]which[end if] " (R),   ", on top of [if the noun is a person]whom[otherwise]which[end if] " (S),   "in [if the noun is a person]whom[otherwise]which[end if] " (T),   ", inside [if the noun is a person]whom[otherwise]which[end if] " (U),   "[regarding list writer internals][are]" (V),   "[regarding list writer internals][are] nothing" (W),   "Nothing" (X),   "nothing" (Y). The action processing internal rule translates into I6 as   "ACTION_PROCESSING_INTERNAL_R" with   "[bracket]That command asks to do something outside of play, so it can    only make sense from you to me. [The noun] cannot be asked to do this.[close    bracket]" (A),   "You must name an object." (B),   "You may not name an object." (C),   "You must supply a noun." (D),   "You may not supply a noun." (E),   "You must name a second object." (F),   "You may not name a second object." (G),   "You must supply a second noun." (H),   "You may not supply a second noun." (I),   "(Since something dramatic has happened, your list of commands has been   cut short.)" (J),   "I didn't understand that instruction." (K). The parser error internal rule translates into I6 as   "PARSER_ERROR_INTERNAL_R" with   "I didn't understand that sentence." (A),   "I only understood you as far as wanting to " (B),   "I only understood you as far as wanting to (go) " (C),   "I didn't understand that number." (D),   "[We] [can't] see any such thing." (E),   "You seem to have said too little!" (F),   "[We] [aren't] holding that!" (G),   "You can't use multiple objects with that verb." (H),   "You can only use multiple objects once on a line." (I),   "I'm not sure what ['][pronoun i6 dictionary word]['] refers to." (J),   "[We] [can't] see ['][pronoun i6 dictionary word]['] ([the noun]) at the moment." (K),   "You excepted something not included anyway!" (L),   "You can only do that to something animate." (M),   "That's not a verb I [if American dialect option is      active]recognize[otherwise]recognise[end if]." (N),   "That's not something you need to refer to in the course of this game." (O),   "I didn't understand the way that finished." (P),   "[if number understood is 0]None[otherwise]Only [number understood in words][end if]      of those [regarding the number understood][are] available." (Q),   "That noun did not make sense in this context." (R),   "To repeat a command like 'frog, jump', just say 'again', not 'frog, again'." (S),   "You can't begin with a comma." (T),   "You seem to want to talk to someone, but I can't see whom." (U),   "You can't talk to [the noun]." (V),   "To talk to someone, try 'someone, hello' or some such." (W),   "I beg your pardon?" (X). The parser nothing error internal rule translates into I6 as   "PARSER_N_ERROR_INTERNAL_R" with   "Nothing to do!" (A),   "[There] [adapt the verb are from the third person plural] none at all available!" (B),   "[regarding the noun][Those] [seem] to belong to [the noun]." (C),   "[regarding the noun][Those] [can't] contain things." (D),   "[The noun] [aren't] open." (E),   "[The noun] [are] empty." (F). The darkness name internal rule translates into I6 as "DARKNESS_NAME_INTERNAL_R" with   "Darkness" (A). The parser command internal rule translates into I6 as   "PARSER_COMMAND_INTERNAL_R" with   "Sorry, that can't be corrected." (A),   "Think nothing of it." (B),   "'Oops' can only correct a single word." (C),   "You can hardly repeat that." (D). The parser clarification internal rule translates into I6 as   "PARSER_CLARIF_INTERNAL_R" with   "Who do you mean, " (A),   "Which do you mean, " (B),   "Sorry, you can only have one item here. Which exactly?" (C),   "Whom do you want [if the noun is not the player][the noun] [end if]to      [parser command so far]?" (D),   "What do you want [if the noun is not the player][the noun] [end if]to      [parser command so far]?" (E),   "those things" (F),   "that" (G),   " or " (H). The yes or no question internal rule translates into I6 as   "YES_OR_NO_QUESTION_INTERNAL_R" with   "Please answer yes or no." (A). The print protagonist internal rule translates into I6 as   "PRINT_PROTAGONIST_INTERNAL_R" with   "[We]" (A),   "[ourselves]" (B),   "[our] former self" (C). Part SR3 - Activities Section SR3/1 - Definitions Printing the name of something (documented at act_pn) is an activity. [0] Before printing the name of a thing (called the item being printed)   (this is the make named things mentioned rule):   if expanding text for comparison purposes, continue the activity;   now the item being printed is mentioned. The standard name printing rule is listed last in the for printing the name rulebook. The standard name printing rule translates into I6 as "STANDARD_NAME_PRINTING_R". Printing the plural name of something (documented at act_ppn) is an activity. [1] Rule for printing the plural name of something (called the item) (this is the standard   printing the plural name rule):   say the printed plural name of the item. The standard printing the plural name rule is listed last in the for printing the plural name rulebook. Printing a number of something (documented at act_pan) is an activity. [2] Rule for printing a number of something (called the item) (this is the standard   printing a number of something rule):   say "[listing group size in words] ";   carry out the printing the plural name activity with the item. The standard printing a number of something rule is listed last in the for printing a number rulebook. Printing room description details of something (documented at act_details) is an activity. [3] Printing inventory details of something (documented at act_idetails) is an activity. [4] Listing contents of something (documented at act_lc) is an activity. [5] The standard contents listing rule is listed last in the for listing contents rulebook. The standard contents listing rule translates into I6 as "STANDARD_CONTENTS_LISTING_R". Grouping together something (documented at act_gt) is an activity. [6] Writing a paragraph about something (documented at act_wpa) is an activity. [7] Listing nondescript items of something (documented at act_lni) is an activity. [8] Printing the name of a dark room (documented at act_darkname) is an activity. [9] Printing the description of a dark room (documented at act_darkdesc) is an activity. [10] Printing the announcement of darkness (documented at act_nowdark) is an activity. [11] Printing the announcement of light (documented at act_nowlight) is an activity. [12] Printing a refusal to act in the dark (documented at act_toodark) is an activity. [13] The look around once light available rule is listed last in for printing the announcement of light. This is the look around once light available rule:   try looking. Constructing the status line (documented at act_csl) is an activity. [14] Printing the banner text (documented at act_banner) is an activity. [15] Reading a command (documented at act_reading) is an activity. [16] Deciding the scope of something (future action) (documented at act_ds) is an activity. [17] Deciding the concealed possessions of something (documented at act_con) is an activity. [18] Deciding whether all includes something (future action) (documented at act_all)   is an activity. [19] The for deciding whether all includes rules have outcomes it does not (failure) and   it does (success). Clarifying the parser's choice of something (future action) (documented at act_clarify)   is an activity. [20] Asking which do you mean (future action) (documented at act_which) is an activity. [21] Printing a parser error (documented at act_parsererror) is an activity. [22] Supplying a missing noun (documented at act_smn) is an activity. [23] Supplying a missing second noun (documented at act_smn) is an activity. [24] Implicitly taking something (documented at act_implicitly) is an activity. [25] Rule for deciding whether all includes scenery while taking or taking off or   removing (this is the exclude scenery from take all rule): it does not. Rule for deciding whether all includes people while taking or taking off or   removing (this is the exclude people from take all rule): it does not. Rule for deciding whether all includes fixed in place things while taking or   taking off or removing (this is the exclude fixed in place things from   take all rule): it does not. Rule for deciding whether all includes things enclosed by the person reaching   while taking or taking off or removing (this is the exclude indirect   possessions from take all rule): it does not. Rule for deciding whether all includes a person while dropping or throwing   or inserting or putting (this is the exclude people from drop all rule):   it does not. Rule for supplying a missing noun while an actor smelling (this is the ambient odour rule):   now the noun is the touchability ceiling of the player. Rule for supplying a missing noun while an actor listening (this is the ambient sound rule):   now the noun is the touchability ceiling of the player. Rule for supplying a missing noun while an actor going (this is the block vaguely going rule):   say "You'll have to say which compass direction to go in." (A). The standard implicit taking rule is listed last in for implicitly taking. The standard implicit taking rule translates into I6 as "STANDARD_IMPLICIT_TAKING_R" with   "(first taking [the noun])[command clarification break]" (A),   "([the second noun] first taking [the noun])[command clarification break]" (B). Starting the virtual machine (documented at act_startvm) is an activity. [26] The enable Glulx acceleration rule is listed first in for starting the virtual machine. The enable Glulx acceleration rule translates into I6 as "ENABLE_GLULX_ACCEL_R". Amusing a victorious player (documented at act_amuse) is an activity. [27] Printing the player's obituary (documented at act_obit) is an activity. [28] The print obituary headline rule is listed last in for printing the player's obituary. The print final score rule is listed last in for printing the player's obituary. The display final status line rule is listed last in for printing the player's obituary. The print obituary headline rule translates into I6 as "PRINT_OBITUARY_HEADLINE_R"   with " You have died " (A),      " You have won " (B),      " The End " (C). The print final score rule translates into I6 as "PRINT_FINAL_SCORE_R". The display final status line rule translates into I6 as "DISPLAY_FINAL_STATUS_LINE_R". Handling the final question is an activity. [29] The immediately restart the VM rule translates into I6 as "IMMEDIATELY_RESTART_VM_R". The immediately restore saved game rule translates into I6 as "IMMEDIATELY_RESTORE_SAVED_R". The immediately quit rule translates into I6 as "IMMEDIATELY_QUIT_R". The immediately undo rule translates into I6 as "IMMEDIATELY_UNDO_R" with   "The use of 'undo' is forbidden in this story." (A),   "You can't 'undo' what hasn't been done!" (B),   "Your interpreter does not provide 'undo'. Sorry!" (C),   "'Undo' failed. Sorry!" (D),   "[bracket]Previous turn undone.[close bracket]" (E),   "'Undo' capacity exhausted. Sorry!" (F). The print the final question rule is listed in before handling the final question. The print the final prompt rule is listed in before handling the final question. The read the final answer rule is listed last in before handling the final question. The standard respond to final question rule is listed last in for handling the final question. This is the print the final prompt rule: say "> [run paragraph on]" (A). The read the final answer rule translates into I6 as "READ_FINAL_ANSWER_R". Section SR3/2 - Final Question This is the print the final question rule:   let named options count be 0;   repeat through the Table of Final Question Options:      if the only if victorious entry is false or the story has ended finally:         if there is a final response rule entry            or the final response activity entry [activity] is not empty:            if there is a final question wording entry, increase named options count by 1;   if the named options count is less than 1, abide by the immediately quit rule;   say "Would you like to " (A);   repeat through the Table of Final Question Options:      if the only if victorious entry is false or the story has ended finally:         if there is a final response rule entry            or the final response activity entry [activity] is not empty:            if there is a final question wording entry:               say final question wording entry;               decrease named options count by 1;               if the named options count is 1:                  if the serial comma option is active, say ",";                  say " or " (B);               otherwise if the named options count is 0:                  say "?[line break]";               otherwise:                  say ", "; This is the standard respond to final question rule:   repeat through the Table of Final Question Options:      if the only if victorious entry is false or the story has ended finally:         if there is a final response rule entry            or the final response activity entry [activity] is not empty:            if the player's command matches the topic entry:               if there is a final response rule entry, abide by final response rule entry;               otherwise carry out the final response activity entry activity;               rule succeeds;   say "Please give one of the answers above." (A). Section SR3/3 - Final question options Table of Final Question Options
final question wordingonly if victorioustopicfinal response rulefinal response activity "RESTART"false"restart"immediately restart the VM rule-- "RESTORE a saved game"false"restore"immediately restore saved game rule-- "see some suggestions for AMUSING things to do"true"amusing"--amusing a victorious player "QUIT"false"quit"immediately quit rule-- "UNDO the last command"false"undo"immediately undo rule--
Section SR3/4 - Locale descriptions - Unindexed Table of Locale Priorities
notable-object (an object)locale description priority (a number) ----
with blank rows for each thing. To describe locale for (O - object):   carry out the printing the locale description activity with O. To set the/-- locale priority of (O - an object) to (N - a number):   if O is a thing:      if N <= 0, now O is mentioned;      if there is a notable-object of O in the Table of Locale Priorities:         choose row with a notable-object of O in the Table of Locale Priorities;         if N <= 0, blank out the whole row;         otherwise now the locale description priority entry is N;      otherwise:         if N is greater than 0:            choose a blank row in the Table of Locale Priorities;            now the notable-object entry is O;            now the locale description priority entry is N; Printing the locale description of something (documented at act_pld) is an activity. [30] The locale paragraph count is a number that varies. Before printing the locale description (this is the initialise locale description rule):   now the locale paragraph count is 0;   repeat through the Table of Locale Priorities:      blank out the whole row. Before printing the locale description (this is the find notable locale objects rule):   let the domain be the parameter-object;   carry out the choosing notable locale objects activity with the domain;   continue the activity. For printing the locale description (this is the interesting locale paragraphs rule):   let the domain be the parameter-object;   sort the Table of Locale Priorities in locale description priority order;   repeat through the Table of Locale Priorities:      carry out the printing a locale paragraph about activity with the notable-object entry;   continue the activity. For printing the locale description (this is the you-can-also-see rule):   let the domain be the parameter-object;   let the mentionable count be 0;   repeat with item running through things:      now the item is not marked for listing;   repeat through the Table of Locale Priorities:      if the locale description priority entry is greater than 0,         now the notable-object entry is marked for listing;      increase the mentionable count by 1;   if the mentionable count is greater than 0:      repeat with item running through things:         if the item is mentioned:            now the item is not marked for listing;      begin the listing nondescript items activity with the domain;      if the number of marked for listing things is 0:         abandon the listing nondescript items activity with the domain;      otherwise:         if handling the listing nondescript items activity with the domain:            if the domain is the location:               say "[We] " (A);            otherwise if the domain is a supporter or the domain is an animal:               say "On [the domain] [we] " (B);            otherwise:               say "In [the domain] [we] " (C);            if the locale paragraph count is greater than 0:               say "[regarding the player][can] also see " (D);            otherwise:               say "[regarding the player][can] see " (E);            let the common holder be nothing;            let contents form of list be true;            repeat with list item running through marked for listing things:               if the holder of the list item is not the common holder:                  if the common holder is nothing,                     now the common holder is the holder of the list item;                  otherwise now contents form of list is false;               if the list item is mentioned, now the list item is not marked for listing;            filter list recursion to unmentioned things;            if contents form of list is true and the common holder is not nothing,               list the contents of the common holder, as a sentence, including contents,                  giving brief inventory information, tersely, not listing                  concealed items, listing marked items only;            otherwise say "[a list of marked for listing things including contents]";            if the domain is the location, say " here" (F);            say ".[paragraph break]";            unfilter list recursion;         end the listing nondescript items activity with the domain;   continue the activity. Choosing notable locale objects of something (documented at act_cnlo) is an activity. [31] For choosing notable locale objects (this is the standard notable locale objects rule):   let the domain be the parameter-object;   let the held item be the first thing held by the domain;   while the held item is a thing:      set the locale priority of the held item to 5;      now the held item is the next thing held after the held item;   continue the activity. Printing a locale paragraph about something (documented at act_plp) is an activity. [32] For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the don't mention player's supporter in room descriptions rule):   if the item encloses the player, set the locale priority of the item to 0;   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the don't mention scenery in room descriptions rule):   if the item is scenery, set the locale priority of the item to 0;   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the don't mention undescribed items in room descriptions rule):   if the item is undescribed:      set the locale priority of the item to 0;   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the set pronouns from items in room descriptions rule):   if the item is not mentioned, set pronouns from the item;   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the offer items to writing a paragraph about rule):   if the item is not mentioned:      if a paragraph break is pending, say "[conditional paragraph break]";      carry out the writing a paragraph about activity with the item;      if a paragraph break is pending:         increase the locale paragraph count by 1;         now the item is mentioned;         say "[conditional paragraph break]";   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the use initial appearance in room descriptions rule):   if the item is not mentioned:      if the item provides the property initial appearance and the         item is not handled and the initial appearance of the item is         not "":         increase the locale paragraph count by 1;         say "[initial appearance of the item]";         say "[paragraph break]";         if a locale-supportable thing is on the item:            repeat with possibility running through things on the item:               now the possibility is marked for listing;               if the possibility is mentioned:                  now the possibility is not marked for listing;            say "On [the item] " (A);            list the contents of the item, as a sentence, including contents,               giving brief inventory information, tersely, not listing               concealed items, prefacing with is/are, listing marked items only;            say ".[paragraph break]";         now the item is mentioned;   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a supporter (called the tabletop)   (this is the initial appearance on supporters rule):   repeat with item running through not handled things on the tabletop which      provide the property initial appearance:      if the item is not a person and the initial appearance of the item is not ""         and the item is not undescribed:         now the item is mentioned;         say initial appearance of the item;         say paragraph break;   continue the activity. Definition: a thing (called the item) is locale-supportable if the item is not scenery and the item is not mentioned and the item is not undescribed. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the describe what's on scenery supporters in room descriptions rule):   if the item is scenery and the item does not enclose the player:      if a locale-supportable thing is on the item:         set pronouns from the item;         repeat with possibility running through things on the item:            now the possibility is marked for listing;            if the possibility is mentioned:               now the possibility is not marked for listing;         increase the locale paragraph count by 1;         say "On [the item] " (A);         list the contents of the item, as a sentence, including contents,            giving brief inventory information, tersely, not listing            concealed items, prefacing with is/are, listing marked items only;         say ".[paragraph break]";   continue the activity. For printing a locale paragraph about a thing (called the item)   (this is the describe what's on mentioned supporters in room descriptions rule):   if the item is mentioned and the item is not undescribed and the item is      not scenery and the item does not enclose the player:      if a locale-supportable thing is on the item:         set pronouns from the item;         repeat with possibility running through things on the item:            now the possibility is marked for listing;            if the possibility is mentioned:               now the possibility is not marked for listing;         increase the locale paragraph count by 1;         say "On [the item] " (A);         list the contents of the item, as a sentence, including contents,            giving brief inventory information, tersely, not listing            concealed items, prefacing with is/are, listing marked items only;         say ".[paragraph break]";   continue the activity. Issuing the response text of something -- documented at act_resp -- is an activity on responses. [33] The standard issuing the response text rule is listed last in for issuing the response text. The standard issuing the response text rule translates into I6 as "STANDARD_RESPONSE_ISSUING_R". Part SR4 - Actions Section SR4/1 - Verbs needed for adaptive text To achieve is a verb. To appreciate is a verb. To arrive is a verb. To care is a verb. To close is a verb. To die is a verb. To discover is a verb. To drop is a verb. To eat is a verb. To feel is a verb. To find is a verb. To get is a verb. To give is a verb. To go is a verb. To happen is a verb. To hear is a verb. To jump is a verb. To lack is a verb. To lead is a verb. To like is a verb. To listen is a verb. To lock is a verb. To look is a verb. To need is a verb. To open is a verb. To pass is a verb. To pick is a verb. To provoke is a verb. To pull is a verb. To push is a verb. To put is a verb. To rub is a verb. To say is a verb. To search is a verb. To see is a verb. To seem is a verb. To set is a verb. To smell is a verb. To sniff is a verb. To squeeze is a verb. To switch is a verb. To take is a verb. To talk is a verb. To taste is a verb. To touch is a verb. To turn is a verb. To wait is a verb. To wave is a verb. To win is a verb. Section SR4/2 - Standard actions concerning the actor's possessions Taking inventory is an action applying to nothing. The taking inventory action translates into I6 as "Inv". The specification of the taking inventory action is "Taking an inventory of one's immediate possessions: the things being carried, either directly or in any containers being carried. When the player performs this action, either the inventory listing, or else a special message if nothing is being carried or worn, is printed during the carry out rules: nothing happens at the report stage. The opposite happens for other people performing the action: nothing happens during carry out, but a report such as 'Mr X looks through his possessions.' is produced (provided Mr X is visible)." Carry out taking inventory (this is the print empty inventory rule):   if the first thing held by the player is nothing,      say "[We] [are] carrying nothing." (A) instead. Carry out taking inventory (this is the print standard inventory rule):   say "[We] [are] carrying:[line break]" (A);   list the contents of the player, with newlines, indented, including contents,      giving inventory information, with extra indentation. Report an actor taking inventory (this is the report other people taking   inventory rule):   if the actor is not the player and the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [look] through [their] possessions." (A); Taking is an action applying to one thing. The taking action translates into I6 as "Take". The specification of the taking action is "The taking action is the only way an action in the Standard Rules can cause something to be carried by an actor. It is very simple in operation (the entire carry out stage consists only of 'now the actor carries the noun') but many checks must be performed before it can be allowed to happen." Check an actor taking (this is the can't take yourself rule):   if the actor is the noun:      if the actor is the player, say "[We] [are] always self-possessed." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take other people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player, say "I don't suppose [the noun] [would care] for that." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take component parts rule):   if the noun is part of something (called the whole):      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][Those] [seem] to be a part of [the whole]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take people's possessions rule):   let the local ceiling be the common ancestor of the actor with the noun;   let the owner be the not-counting-parts holder of the noun;   while the owner is not nothing and the owner is not the local ceiling:      if the owner is a person:         if the actor is the player:            say "[regarding the noun][Those] [seem] to belong to [the owner]." (A);         stop the action;      let the owner be the not-counting-parts holder of the owner; Check an actor taking (this is the can't take items out of play rule):   let H be the noun;   while H is not nothing and H is not a room:      let H be the not-counting-parts holder of H;   if H is nothing:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][Those] [aren't] available." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take what you're inside rule):   let the local ceiling be the common ancestor of the actor with the noun;   if the local ceiling is the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [would have] to get            [if noun is a supporter]off[otherwise]out of[end if] [the noun] first." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take what's already taken rule):   if the actor is carrying the noun or the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] already [have] [regarding the noun][those]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take scenery rule):   if the noun is scenery:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] hardly portable." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can only take things rule):   if the noun is not a thing:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [cannot] carry [the noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't take what's fixed in place rule):   if the noun is fixed in place:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] fixed in place." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the use player's holdall to avoid exceeding   carrying capacity rule):   if the number of things carried by the actor is at least the      carrying capacity of the actor:      if the actor is holding a player's holdall (called the current working sack):         let the transferred item be nothing;         repeat with the possible item running through things carried by            the actor:            if the possible item is not lit and the possible item is not               the current working sack, let the transferred item be the possible item;         if the transferred item is not nothing:            if the actor is the player:               say "(putting [the transferred item] into [the current working sack]                  to make room)[command clarification break]" (A);            silently try the actor trying inserting the transferred item               into the current working sack;            if the transferred item is not in the current working sack:               stop the action. Check an actor taking (this is the can't exceed carrying capacity rule):   if the number of things carried by the actor is at least the      carrying capacity of the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We]['re] carrying too many things already." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor taking (this is the standard taking rule):   now the actor carries the noun;   if the actor is the player, now the noun is handled. Report an actor taking (this is the standard report taking rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is the player:         say "Taken." (A);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [pick] up [the noun]." (B). Removing it from is an action applying to two things. The removing it from action translates into I6 as "Remove". The specification of the removing it from action is "Removing is not really an action in its own right. Whereas there are many ways to put something down (on the floor, on top of something, inside something else, giving it to somebody else, and so on), Inform has only one way to take something: the taking action. Removing exists only to provide some nicely worded replies to impossible requests, and in all sensible cases is converted into taking. Because of this, it's usually a bad idea to write rules about removing: if you write a rule such as 'Instead of removing the key, ...' then it won't apply if the player simply types TAKE KEY instead. The safe way to do this is to write a rule about taking, which covers all possibilities." Check an actor removing something from (this is the can't remove what's not inside rule):   if the holder of the noun is not the second noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "But [regarding the noun][they] [aren't] there now." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor removing something from (this is the can't remove from people rule):   let the owner be the holder of the noun;   if the owner is a person:      if the owner is the actor, convert to the taking off action on the noun;      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][Those] [seem] to belong to [the owner]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor removing something from (this is the convert remove to take rule):   convert to the taking action on the noun. The can't take component parts rule is listed before the can't remove what's not inside rule in the check removing it from rules. Dropping is an action applying to one thing. The dropping action translates into I6 as "Drop". The specification of the dropping action is "Dropping is one of five actions by which an actor can get rid of something carried: the others are inserting (into a container), putting (onto a supporter), giving (to someone else) and eating. Dropping means dropping onto the actor's current floor, which is usually the floor of a room - but might be the inside of a box if the actor is also inside that box, and so on. The can't drop clothes being worn rule silently tries the taking off action on any clothing being dropped: unlisting this rule removes both this behaviour and also the requirement that clothes cannot simply be dropped." Check an actor dropping (this is the can't drop yourself rule):   if the noun is the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [lack] the dexterity." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor dropping something which is part of the actor (this is the   can't drop body parts rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [can't drop] part of [ourselves]." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor dropping (this is the can't drop what's already dropped rule):   if the noun is in the holder of the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [are] already here." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor dropping (this is the can't drop what's not held rule):   if the actor is carrying the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is wearing the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [haven't] got [regarding the noun][those]." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor dropping (this is the can't drop clothes being worn rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "(first taking [the noun] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action; Check an actor dropping (this is the can't drop if this exceeds carrying   capacity rule):   let the receptacle be the holder of the actor;   if the receptacle is a room, continue the action; [room floors have infinite capacity]   if the receptacle provides the property carrying capacity:      if the receptacle is a supporter:         if the number of things on the receptacle is at least the carrying            capacity of the receptacle:            if the actor is the player:               now the prior named object is nothing;               say "[There] [are] no more room on [the receptacle]." (A);            stop the action;      otherwise if the receptacle is a container:         if the number of things in the receptacle is at least the carrying            capacity of the receptacle:            if the actor is the player:               now the prior named object is nothing;               say "[There] [are] no more room in [the receptacle]." (B);            stop the action; Carry out an actor dropping (this is the standard dropping rule):   now the noun is in the holder of the actor. Report an actor dropping (this is the standard report dropping rule):   if the action is not silent:       if the actor is the player:         say "Dropped." (A);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [put] down [the noun]." (B); Putting it on is an action applying to two things. The putting it on action translates into I6 as "PutOn". The specification of the putting it on action is "By this action, an actor puts something he is holding on top of a supporter: for instance, putting an apple on a table." Check an actor putting something on (this is the convert put to drop where possible rule):   if the second noun is down or the actor is on the second noun,      convert to the dropping action on the noun. Check an actor putting something on (this is the can't put what's not held rule):   if the actor is carrying the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is wearing the noun, continue the action;   carry out the implicitly taking activity with the noun;   if the actor is carrying the noun, continue the action;   stop the action. Check an actor putting something on (this is the can't put something on itself rule):   let the noun-CPC be the component parts core of the noun;   let the second-CPC be the component parts core of the second noun;   let the transfer ceiling be the common ancestor of the noun-CPC with the second-CPC;   if the transfer ceiling is the noun-CPC:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't put] something on top of itself." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor putting something on (this is the can't put onto what's not a supporter rule):   if the second noun is not a supporter:      if the actor is the player:         say "Putting things on [the second noun] [would achieve] nothing." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor putting something on (this is the can't put clothes being worn rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "(first taking [regarding the noun][them] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action. Check an actor putting something on (this is the can't put if this exceeds   carrying capacity rule):   if the second noun provides the property carrying capacity:      if the number of things on the second noun is at least the carrying capacity         of the second noun:         if the actor is the player:            say "[There] [are] no more room on [the second noun]." (A);         stop the action. Carry out an actor putting something on (this is the standard putting rule):   now the noun is on the second noun. Report an actor putting something on (this is the concise report putting rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is the player and the I6 parser is running multiple actions:         say "Done." (A);         stop the action;   continue the action. Report an actor putting something on (this is the standard report putting rule):   if the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [put] [the noun] on [the second noun]." (A). Inserting it into is an action applying to two things. The inserting it into action translates into I6 as "Insert". The specification of the inserting it into action is "By this action, an actor puts something he is holding into a container: for instance, putting a coin into a collection box." Check an actor inserting something into (this is the convert insert to drop where   possible rule):   if the second noun is down or the actor is in the second noun,      convert to the dropping action on the noun. Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert what's not held rule):   if the actor is carrying the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is wearing the noun, continue the action;   carry out the implicitly taking activity with the noun;   if the actor is carrying the noun, continue the action;   stop the action. Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert something into itself rule):   let the noun-CPC be the component parts core of the noun;   let the second-CPC be the component parts core of the second noun;   let the transfer ceiling be the common ancestor of the noun-CPC with the second-CPC;   if the transfer ceiling is the noun-CPC:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't put] something inside itself." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert into closed containers rule):   if the second noun is a closed container:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The second noun] [are] closed." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert into what's not a   container rule):   if the second noun is not a container:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the second noun][Those] [can't contain] things." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert clothes being worn rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "(first taking [regarding the noun][them] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action; Check an actor inserting something into (this is the can't insert if this exceeds   carrying capacity rule):   if the second noun provides the property carrying capacity:      if the number of things in the second noun is at least the carrying capacity      of the second noun:         if the actor is the player:            now the prior named object is nothing;            say "[There] [are] no more room in [the second noun]." (A);         stop the action. Carry out an actor inserting something into (this is the standard inserting rule):   now the noun is in the second noun. Report an actor inserting something into (this is the concise report inserting rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is the player and the I6 parser is running multiple actions:         say "Done." (A);         stop the action;   continue the action. Report an actor inserting something into (this is the standard report inserting rule):   if the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [put] [the noun] into [the second noun]." (A). Eating is an action applying to one thing. The eating action translates into I6 as "Eat". The specification of the eating action is "Eating is the only one of the built-in actions which can, in effect, destroy something: the carry out rule removes what's being eaten from play, and nothing in the Standard Rules can then get at it again. Note that, uncontroversially, one can only eat things with the 'edible' either/or property. Until 2011, the action also required that the foodstuff had to be carried by the eater, which meant that a player standing next to a bush with berries who typed EAT BERRIES would force a '(first taking the berries)' action. This is no longer true. Taking is now only forced if the foodstuff is portable." Check an actor eating (this is the can't eat unless edible rule):   if the noun is not a thing or the noun is not edible:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] plainly inedible." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor eating (this is the can't eat clothing without removing it first rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "(first taking [the noun] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action. Check an actor eating (this is the can't eat other people's food rule):   if the noun is enclosed by a person (called the owner) who is not the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The owner] [might not appreciate] that." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor eating (this is the can't eat portable food without carrying it rule):   if the noun is portable and the actor is not carrying the noun:      carry out the implicitly taking activity with the noun;      if the actor is not carrying the noun, stop the action. Carry out an actor eating (this is the standard eating rule):   now the noun is nowhere. Report an actor eating (this is the standard report eating rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [eat] [the noun]. Not bad." (A);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [eat] [the noun]." (B). Section SR4/3 - Standard actions which move the actor Going is an action applying to one visible thing. The going action translates into I6 as "Go". The specification of the going action is "This is the action which allows people to move from one room to another, using whatever map connections and doors are to hand. The Standard Rules are written so that the noun can be either a direction or a door in the location of the actor: while the player's commands only lead to going actions with directions as nouns, going actions can also happen as a result of entering actions, and then the noun can indeed be a door." The going action has a room called the room gone from (matched as "from"). The going action has an object called the room gone to (matched as "to"). The going action has an object called the door gone through (matched as "through"). The going action has an object called the vehicle gone by (matched as "by"). The going action has an object called the thing gone with (matched as "with"). Rule for setting action variables for going (this is the standard set going variables rule):   now the thing gone with is the item-pushed-between-rooms;   now the room gone from is the location of the actor;   if the actor is in an enterable vehicle (called the carriage),      now the vehicle gone by is the carriage;   let the target be nothing;   if the noun is a direction:      let direction D be the noun;      let the target be the room-or-door direction D from the room gone from;   otherwise:      if the noun is a door, let the target be the noun;   if the target is a door:      now the door gone through is the target;      now the target is the other side of the target from the room gone from;   now the room gone to is the target. Check an actor going when the actor is on a supporter (called the chaise)   (this is the stand up before going rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "(first getting off [the chaise])[command clarification break]" (A);   silently try the actor exiting. Check an actor going (this is the can't travel in what's not a vehicle rule):   let nonvehicle be the holder of the actor;   if nonvehicle is the room gone from, continue the action;   if nonvehicle is the vehicle gone by, continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      if nonvehicle is a supporter:         say "[We] [would have] to get off [the nonvehicle] first." (A);      otherwise:          say "[We] [would have] to get out of [the nonvehicle] first." (B);   stop the action. Check an actor going (this is the can't go through undescribed doors rule):   if the door gone through is not nothing and the door gone through is undescribed:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't go] that way." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor going (this is the can't go through closed doors rule):   if the door gone through is not nothing and the door gone through is closed:      if the actor is the player:         say "(first opening [the door gone through])[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor opening the door gone through;      if the door gone through is open, continue the action;      stop the action. Check an actor going (this is the determine map connection rule):   let the target be nothing;   if the noun is a direction:      let direction D be the noun;      let the target be the room-or-door direction D from the room gone from;   otherwise:      if the noun is a door, let the target be the noun;   if the target is a door:      now the target is the other side of the target from the room gone from;   now the room gone to is the target. Check an actor going (this is the can't go that way rule):   if the room gone to is nothing:      if the door gone through is nothing:         if the actor is the player:            say "[We] [can't go] that way." (A);         stop the action;      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't], since [the door gone through] [lead] nowhere." (B);      stop the action. Carry out an actor going (this is the move player and vehicle rule):   if the vehicle gone by is nothing,      surreptitiously move the actor to the room gone to during going;   otherwise      surreptitiously move the vehicle gone by to the room gone to during going;   if the location is not the location of the player:      now the location is the location of the player. Carry out an actor going (this is the move floating objects rule):   if the actor is the player or the player is within the vehicle gone by      or the player is within the thing gone with:      update backdrop positions. Carry out an actor going (this is the check light in new location rule):   if the actor is the player or the player is within the vehicle gone by      or the player is within the thing gone with:      surreptitiously reckon darkness. Report an actor going (this is the describe room gone into rule):   if the player is the actor:      if the action is not silent:         produce a room description with going spacing conventions;   otherwise:      if the noun is a direction:         if the location is the room gone from or the player is within the            vehicle gone by or the player is within the thing gone with:            if the room gone from is the room gone to:               continue the action;            otherwise:               if the noun is up:                  say "[The actor] [go] up" (A);               otherwise if the noun is down:                  say "[The actor] [go] down" (B);               otherwise:                  say "[The actor] [go] [noun]" (C);         otherwise:            let the back way be the opposite of the noun;            if the location is the room gone to:               let the room back the other way be the room back way from the                  location;               let the room normally this way be the room noun from the                  room gone from;               if the room back the other way is the room gone from or                  the room back the other way is the room normally this way:                  if the back way is up:                     say "[The actor] [arrive] from above" (D);                  otherwise if the back way is down:                     say "[The actor] [arrive] from below" (E);                  otherwise:                     say "[The actor] [arrive] from [the back way]" (F);               otherwise:                  say "[The actor] [arrive]" (G);            otherwise:               if the back way is up:                  say "[The actor] [arrive] at [the room gone to] from above" (H);               otherwise if the back way is down:                  say "[The actor] [arrive] at [the room gone to] from below" (I);               otherwise:                  say "[The actor] [arrive] at [the room gone to] from [the back way]" (J);      otherwise if the location is the room gone from:         say "[The actor] [go] through [the noun]" (K);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [arrive] from [the noun]" (L);      if the vehicle gone by is not nothing:         say " ";         if the vehicle gone by is a supporter:            say "on [the vehicle gone by]" (M);         otherwise:            say "in [the vehicle gone by]" (N);      if the thing gone with is not nothing:         if the player is within the thing gone with:            say ", pushing [the thing gone with] in front, and [us] along too" (O);         otherwise if the player is within the vehicle gone by:            say ", pushing [the thing gone with] in front" (P);         otherwise if the location is the room gone from:            say ", pushing [the thing gone with] away" (Q);         otherwise:            say ", pushing [the thing gone with] in" (R);      if the player is within the vehicle gone by and the player is not         within the thing gone with:         say ", taking [us] along" (S);         say ".";         try looking;         continue the action;      say "."; Entering is an action applying to one thing. The entering action translates into I6 as "Enter". The specification of the entering action is "Whereas the going action allows people to move from one location to another in the model world, the entering action is for movement inside a location: for instance, climbing into a cage or sitting on a couch. (Entering is not allowed to change location, so any attempt to enter a door is converted into a going action.) What makes entering trickier than it looks is that the player may try to enter an object which is itself inside, or part of, something else, which might in turn be... and so on. To preserve realism, the implicitly pass through other barriers rule automatically generates entering and exiting actions needed to pass between anything which might be in the way: for instance, in a room with two open cages, an actor in cage A who tries entering cage B first has to perform an exiting action." Rule for supplying a missing noun while entering (this is the find what to enter rule):   if something enterable (called the box) is in the location,      now the noun is the box;   otherwise continue the activity. The find what to enter rule is listed last in the for supplying a missing noun rulebook. Check an actor entering (this is the convert enter door into go rule):   if the noun is a door, convert to the going action on the noun. Check an actor entering (this is the convert enter compass direction into go rule):   if the noun is a direction, convert to the going action on the noun. Check an actor entering (this is the can't enter what's already entered rule):   if the actor is the noun, make no decision;   let the local ceiling be the common ancestor of the actor with the noun;   if the local ceiling is the noun:      if the player is the actor:         if the noun is a supporter:            say "But [we]['re] already on [the noun]." (A);         otherwise:            say "But [we]['re] already in [the noun]." (B);      stop the action. Check an actor entering (this is the can't enter what's not enterable rule):   if the noun is not enterable:      if the player is the actor:         if the player's command includes "stand":            say "[regarding the noun][They're] not something [we] [can] stand on." (A);         otherwise if the player's command includes "sit":            say "[regarding the noun][They're] not something [we] [can] sit down on." (B);         otherwise if the player's command includes "lie":            say "[regarding the noun][They're] not something [we] [can] lie down on." (C);         otherwise:            say "[regarding the noun][They're] not something [we] [can] enter." (D);      stop the action. Check an actor entering (this is the can't enter closed containers rule):   if the noun is a closed container:      if the player is the actor:         say "[We] [can't get] into the closed [noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor entering (this is the can't enter if this exceeds carrying   capacity rule):   if the noun provides the property carrying capacity:      if the noun is a supporter:         if the number of things on the noun is at least the carrying            capacity of the noun:            if the actor is the player:               now the prior named object is nothing;               say "[There] [are] no more room on [the noun]." (A);            stop the action;      otherwise if the noun is a container:         if the number of things in the noun is at least the carrying            capacity of the noun:            if the actor is the player:               now the prior named object is nothing;               say "[There] [are] no more room in [the noun]." (B);            stop the action; Check an actor entering (this is the can't enter something carried rule):   let the local ceiling be the common ancestor of the actor with the noun;   if the local ceiling is the actor:      if the player is the actor:         say "[We] [can] only get into something free-standing." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor entering (this is the implicitly pass through other barriers rule):   if the holder of the actor is the holder of the noun, continue the action;   let the local ceiling be the common ancestor of the actor with the noun;   while the holder of the actor is not the local ceiling:      let the current home be the holder of the actor;      if the player is the actor:         if the current home is a supporter or the current home is an animal:            say "(getting off [the current home])[command clarification break]" (A);         otherwise:            say "(getting out of [the current home])[command clarification break]" (B);      silently try the actor trying exiting;      if the holder of the actor is the current home, stop the action;   if the holder of the actor is the noun, stop the action;   if the holder of the actor is the holder of the noun, continue the action;   let the target be the holder of the noun;   if the noun is part of the target, let the target be the holder of the target;   while the target is a thing:      if the holder of the target is the local ceiling:         if the player is the actor:            if the target is a supporter:               say "(getting onto [the target])[command clarification break]" (C);            otherwise if the target is a container:               say "(getting into [the target])[command clarification break]" (D);            otherwise:               say "(entering [the target])[command clarification break]" (E);         silently try the actor trying entering the target;         if the holder of the actor is not the target, stop the action;         convert to the entering action on the noun;         continue the action;      let the target be the holder of the target; Carry out an actor entering (this is the standard entering rule):   surreptitiously move the actor to the noun. Report an actor entering (this is the standard report entering rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         if the noun is a supporter:            say "[We] [get] onto [the noun]." (A);         otherwise:            say "[We] [get] into [the noun]." (B);   otherwise if the noun is a container:      say "[The actor] [get] into [the noun]." (C);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [get] onto [the noun]." (D);   continue the action. Report an actor entering (this is the describe contents entered into rule):   if the actor is the player, describe locale for the noun. Exiting is an action applying to nothing. The exiting action translates into I6 as "Exit". The exiting action has an object called the container exited from (matched as "from"). The specification of the exiting action is "Whereas the going action allows people to move from one location to another in the model world, and the entering action is for movement deeper inside the objects in a location, the exiting action is for movement back out towards the main floor area. Climbing out of a cupboard, for instance, is an exiting action. Exiting when already in the main floor area of a room with a map connection to the outside is converted to a going action. Finally, note that whereas entering works for either containers or supporters, exiting is purely for getting oneself out of containers: if the actor is on top of a supporter instead, an exiting action is converted to the getting off action." Setting action variables for exiting:   now the container exited from is the holder of the actor. Check an actor exiting (this is the convert exit into go out rule):   let the local room be the location of the actor;   if the container exited from is the local room:      if the room-or-door outside from the local room is not nothing,         convert to the going action on the outside; Check an actor exiting (this is the can't exit when not inside anything rule):   let the local room be the location of the actor;   if the container exited from is the local room:      if the player is the actor:         say "But [we] [aren't] in anything at the [if story tense is present            tense]moment[otherwise]time[end if]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor exiting (this is the can't exit closed containers rule):   if the actor is in a closed container (called the cage):      if the player is the actor:         say "You can't get out of the closed [cage]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor exiting (this is the convert exit into get off rule):   if the actor is on a supporter (called the platform),      convert to the getting off action on the platform. Carry out an actor exiting (this is the standard exiting rule):   let the former exterior be the not-counting-parts holder of the container exited from;   surreptitiously move the actor to the former exterior. Report an actor exiting (this is the standard report exiting rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is the player:         if the container exited from is a supporter:            say "[We] [get] off [the container exited from]." (A);         otherwise:             say "[We] [get] out of [the container exited from]." (B);      otherwise:          say "[The actor] [get] out of [the container exited from]." (C);   continue the action. Report an actor exiting (this is the describe room emerged into rule):   if the actor is the player:      surreptitiously reckon darkness;      produce a room description with going spacing conventions. Getting off is an action applying to one thing. The getting off action translates into I6 as "GetOff". The specification of the getting off action is "The getting off action is for actors who are currently on top of a supporter: perhaps standing on a platform, but maybe only sitting on a chair or even lying down in bed. Unlike the similar exiting action, getting off takes a noun: the platform, chair, bed or what have you." Check an actor getting off (this is the can't get off things rule):   if the actor is on the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is carried by the noun, continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "But [we] [aren't] on [the noun] at the [if story tense is present         tense]moment[otherwise]time[end if]." (A);   stop the action. Carry out an actor getting off (this is the standard getting off rule):   let the former exterior be the not-counting-parts holder of the noun;   surreptitiously move the actor to the former exterior. Report an actor getting off (this is the standard report getting off rule):   if the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [get] off [the noun]." (A);   continue the action. Report an actor getting off (this is the describe room stood up into rule):   if the actor is the player,      produce a room description with going spacing conventions. Section SR4/4 - Standard actions concerning the actor's vision Looking is an action applying to nothing. The looking action translates into I6 as "Look". The specification of the looking action is "The looking action describes the player's current room and any visible items, but is made more complicated by the problem of visibility. Inform calculates this by dividing the room into visibility levels. For an actor on the floor of a room, there is only one such level: the room itself. But an actor sitting on a chair inside a packing case which is itself on a gantry would have four visibility levels: chair, case, gantry, room. The looking rules use a special phrase, 'the visibility-holder of X', to go up from one level to the next: thus the visibility-holder of the case is the gantry. The 'visibility level count' is the number of levels which the player can actually see, and the 'visibility ceiling' is the uppermost visible level. For a player standing on the floor of a lighted room, this will be a count of 1 with the ceiling set to the room. But a player sitting on a chair in a closed opaque packing case would have visibility level count 2, and visibility ceiling equal to the case. Moreover, light has to be available in order to see anything at all: if the player is in darkness, the level count is 0 and the ceiling is nothing. Finally, note that several actions other than looking also produce room descriptions in some cases. The most familiar is going, but exiting a container or getting off a supporter will also generate a room description. (The phrase used by the relevant rules is 'produce a room description with going spacing conventions' and carry out or report rules for newly written actions are welcome to use this too if they would like to. The spacing conventions affect paragraph division, and note that the main description paragraph may be omitted for a place not newly visited, depending on the VERBOSE settings.) Room descriptions like this are produced by running the check, carry out and report rules for looking, but are not subject to before, instead or after rules: so they do not count as a new action. The looking variable 'room-describing action' holds the action name of the reason a room description is currently being made: if the player typed LOOK, this will indeed be set to the looking action, but if we're describing a room just reached by GO EAST, say, it will be set to the going action. This can be used to customise carry out looking rules so that different forms of description are used on going to a room as compared with looking around while already there." The looking action has an action name called the room-describing action. The looking action has a truth state called abbreviated form allowed. The looking action has a number called the visibility level count. The looking action has an object called the visibility ceiling. Setting action variables for looking (this is the determine visibility ceiling   rule):   if the actor is the player, calculate visibility ceiling at low level;   now the visibility level count is the visibility ceiling count calculated;   now the visibility ceiling is the visibility ceiling calculated;   now the room-describing action is the looking action. Carry out looking (this is the declare everything unmentioned rule):   repeat with item running through things:      now the item is not mentioned. Carry out looking (this is the room description heading rule):   say bold type;   if the visibility level count is 0:      begin the printing the name of a dark room activity;      if handling the printing the name of a dark room activity:         say "Darkness" (A);      end the printing the name of a dark room activity;   otherwise if the visibility ceiling is the location:      say "[visibility ceiling]";   otherwise:      say "[The visibility ceiling]";   say roman type;   let intermediate level be the visibility-holder of the actor;   repeat with intermediate level count running from 2 to the visibility level count:      if the intermediate level is a supporter or the intermediate level is an animal:         say " (on [the intermediate level])" (B);      otherwise:         say " (in [the intermediate level])" (C);      let the intermediate level be the visibility-holder of the intermediate level;   say line break;   say run paragraph on with special look spacing. Carry out looking (this is the room description body text rule):   if the visibility level count is 0:      if set to abbreviated room descriptions, continue the action;      if set to sometimes abbreviated room descriptions and         abbreviated form allowed is true and         darkness witnessed is true,         continue the action;      begin the printing the description of a dark room activity;      if handling the printing the description of a dark room activity:         now the prior named object is nothing;         say "[It] [are] pitch dark, and [we] [can't see] a thing." (A);      end the printing the description of a dark room activity;   otherwise if the visibility ceiling is the location:      if set to abbreviated room descriptions, continue the action;      if set to sometimes abbreviated room descriptions and abbreviated form         allowed is true and the location is visited, continue the action;      print the location's description; Carry out looking (this is the room description paragraphs about objects rule):   if the visibility level count is greater than 0:      let the intermediate position be the actor;      let the IP count be the visibility level count;      while the IP count is greater than 0:         now the intermediate position is marked for listing;         let the intermediate position be the visibility-holder of the            intermediate position;         decrease the IP count by 1;      let the top-down IP count be the visibility level count;      while the top-down IP count is greater than 0:         let the intermediate position be the actor;         let the IP count be 0;         while the IP count is less than the top-down IP count:            let the intermediate position be the visibility-holder of the               intermediate position;            increase the IP count by 1;         describe locale for the intermediate position;         decrease the top-down IP count by 1;   continue the action; Carry out looking (this is the check new arrival rule):   if in darkness:      now the darkness witnessed is true;   otherwise:      if the location is a room, now the location is visited; Report an actor looking (this is the other people looking rule):   if the actor is not the player:      say "[The actor] [look] around." (A). Examining is an action applying to one visible thing and requiring light. The examining action translates into I6 as "Examine". The specification of the examining action is "The act of looking closely at something. Note that the noun could be either a direction or a thing, which is why the Standard Rules include the 'examine directions rule' to deal with directions: it simply says 'You see nothing unexpected in that direction.' and stops the action. (If you would like to handle directions differently, list another rule instead of this one in the carry out examining rules.) Some things have no description property, or rather, have only a blank text as one. It's possible that something interesting may be said anyway (see the rules for directions, containers, supporters and devices), but if not, we give up with a bland response. This is done by the examine undescribed things rule." The examining action has a truth state called examine text printed. Carry out examining (this is the standard examining rule):   if the noun provides the property description and the description of the noun is not "":      say "[description of the noun][line break]";      now examine text printed is true. Carry out examining (this is the examine directions rule):   if the noun is a direction:      say "[We] [see] nothing unexpected in that direction." (A);      now examine text printed is true. Carry out examining (this is the examine containers rule):   if the noun is a container:      if the noun is open or the noun is transparent:         if something described which is not scenery is in the noun and something which            is not the player is in the noun:            say "In [the noun] " (A);            list the contents of the noun, as a sentence, tersely, not listing               concealed items, prefacing with is/are;            say ".";            now examine text printed is true;         otherwise if examine text printed is false:            if the player is in the noun:               make no decision;            say "[The noun] [are] empty." (B);            now examine text printed is true; Carry out examining (this is the examine supporters rule):   if the noun is a supporter:      if something described which is not scenery is on the noun and something which is         not the player is on the noun:         say "On [the noun] " (A);         list the contents of the noun, as a sentence, tersely, not listing            concealed items, prefacing with is/are, including contents,            giving brief inventory information;         say ".";         now examine text printed is true. Carry out examining (this is the examine devices rule):   if the noun is a device:      say "[The noun] [are] [if story tense is present tense]currently [end if]switched         [if the noun is switched on]on[otherwise]off[end if]." (A);      now examine text printed is true. Carry out examining (this is the examine undescribed things rule):   if examine text printed is false:      say "[We] [see] nothing special about [the noun]." (A). Report an actor examining (this is the report other people examining rule):   if the actor is not the player:      say "[The actor] [look] closely at [the noun]." (A). Looking under is an action applying to one visible thing and requiring light. The looking under action translates into I6 as "LookUnder". The specification of the looking under action is "The standard Inform world model does not have a concept of things being under other things, so this action is only minimally provided by the Standard Rules, but it exists here for traditional reasons (and because, after all, LOOK UNDER TABLE is the sort of command which ought to be recognised even if it does nothing useful). The action ordinarily either tells the player he finds nothing of interest, or reports that somebody else has looked under something. The usual way to make this action do something useful is to write a rule like 'Instead of looking under the cabinet for the first time: now the player has the silver key; say ...' and so on." Carry out an actor looking under (this is the standard looking under rule):   if the player is the actor:      say "[We] [find] nothing of interest." (A);   stop the action. Report an actor looking under (this is the report other people looking under rule):   if the action is not silent:      if the actor is not the player:         say "[The actor] [look] under [the noun]." (A). Searching is an action applying to one thing and requiring light. The searching action translates into I6 as "Search". The specification of the searching action is "Searching looks at the contents of an open or transparent container, or at the items on top of a supporter. These are often mentioned in room descriptions already, and then the action is unnecessary, but that wouldn't be true for something like a kitchen cupboard which is scenery - mentioned in passing in a room description, but not made a fuss of. Searching such a cupboard would then, by listing its contents, give the player more information than the ordinary room description shows. The usual check rules restrict searching to containers and supporters: so the Standard Rules do not allow the searching of people, for instance. But it is easy to add instead rules ('Instead of searching Dr Watson: ...') or even a new carry out rule ('Check searching someone (called the suspect): ...') to extend the way searching normally works." Check an actor searching (this is the can't search unless container or supporter rule):   if the noun is not a container and the noun is not a supporter:      if the player is the actor:         say "[We] [find] nothing of interest." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor searching (this is the can't search closed opaque containers rule):   if the noun is a closed opaque container:      if the player is the actor:         say "[We] [can't see] inside, since [the noun] [are] closed." (A);      stop the action. Report searching a container (this is the standard search containers rule):   if the noun contains a described thing which is not scenery:      say "In [the noun] " (A);      list the contents of the noun, as a sentence, tersely, not listing         concealed items, prefacing with is/are;      say ".";   otherwise:      say "[The noun] [are] empty." (B). Report searching a supporter (this is the standard search supporters rule):   if the noun supports a described thing which is not scenery:      say "On [the noun] " (A);      list the contents of the noun, as a sentence, tersely, not listing         concealed items, prefacing with is/are;      say ".";   otherwise:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "[There] [are] nothing on [the noun]." (B). Report an actor searching (this is the report other people searching rule):   if the actor is not the player:      say "[The actor] [search] [the noun]." (A). Consulting it about is an action applying to one thing and one topic. The consulting it about action translates into I6 as "Consult". The specification of the consulting it about action is "Consulting is a very flexible and potentially powerful action, but only because it leaves almost all of the work to the author to deal with directly. The idea is for it to respond to commands such as LOOK UP HENRY FITZROY IN HISTORY BOOK, where the topic would be the snippet of command HENRY FITZROY and the thing would be the book. The Standard Rules simply parry such requests by saying that the player finds nothing of interest. All interesting responses must be provided by the author, using rules like 'Instead of consulting the history book about...'" Report an actor consulting something about (this is the block consulting rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [discover] nothing of interest in [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [look] at [the noun]." (B); Section SR4/5 - Standard actions which change the state of things Locking it with is an action applying to one thing and one carried thing. The locking it with action translates into I6 as "Lock". The specification of the locking it with action is "Locking is the act of using an object such as a key to ensure that something such as a door or container cannot be opened unless first unlocked. (Only closed things can be locked.) Locking can be performed on any kind of thing which provides the either/or properties lockable, locked, openable and open. The 'can't lock without a lock rule' tests to see if the noun both provides the lockable property, and if it is in fact lockable: it is then assumed that the other properties can safely be checked. In the Standard Rules, the container and door kinds both satisfy these requirements. We can create a new kind on which opening, closing, locking and unlocking will work thus: 'A briefcase is a kind of thing. A briefcase can be openable. A briefcase can be open. A briefcase can be lockable. A briefcase can be locked. A briefcase is usually openable, lockable, open and unlocked.' Inform checks whether the key fits using the 'can't lock without the correct key rule'. To satisfy this, the actor must be directly holding the second noun, and it must be the current value of the 'matching key' property for the noun. (This property is seldom referred to directly because it is automatically set by assertions like 'The silver key unlocks the wicket gate.') The Standard Rules provide locking and unlocking actions at a fairly basic level: they can be much enhanced using the extension Locksmith by Emily Short, which is included with all distributions of Inform." Check an actor locking something with (this is the can't lock without a lock rule):   if the noun provides the property lockable and the noun is lockable:      continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][Those] [don't] seem to be something [we] [can] lock." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor locking something with (this is the can't lock what's already   locked rule):   if the noun is locked:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] locked at the [if story tense is present            tense]moment[otherwise]time[end if]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor locking something with (this is the can't lock what's open rule):   if the noun is open:      if the actor is the player:         say "First [we] [would have] to close [the noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor locking something with (this is the can't lock without the correct key rule):   if the holder of the second noun is not the actor or      the noun does not provide the property matching key or      the matching key of the noun is not the second noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the second noun][Those] [don't] seem to fit the lock." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor locking something with (this is the standard locking rule):   now the noun is locked. Report an actor locking something with (this is the standard report locking rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [lock] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      if the actor is visible:         say "[The actor] [lock] [the noun]." (B); Unlocking it with is an action applying to one thing and one carried thing. The unlocking it with action translates into I6 as "Unlock". The specification of the unlocking it with action is "Unlocking undoes the effect of locking, and renders the noun openable again provided that the actor is carrying the right key (which must be the second noun). Unlocking can be performed on any kind of thing which provides the either/or properties lockable, locked, openable and open. The 'can't unlock without a lock rule' tests to see if the noun both provides the lockable property, and if it is in fact lockable: it is then assumed that the other properties can safely be checked. In the Standard Rules, the container and door kinds both satisfy these requirements. We can create a new kind on which opening, closing, locking and unlocking will work thus: 'A briefcase is a kind of thing. A briefcase can be openable. A briefcase can be open. A briefcase can be lockable. A briefcase can be locked. A briefcase is usually openable, lockable, open and unlocked.' Inform checks whether the key fits using the 'can't unlock without the correct key rule'. To satisfy this, the actor must be directly holding the second noun, and it must be the current value of the 'matching key' property for the noun. (This property is seldom referred to directly because it is automatically set by assertions like 'The silver key unlocks the wicket gate.') The Standard Rules provide locking and unlocking actions at a fairly basic level: they can be much enhanced using the extension Locksmith by Emily Short, which is included with all distributions of Inform." Check an actor unlocking something with (this is the can't unlock without a lock rule):   if the noun provides the property lockable and the noun is lockable:      continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][Those] [don't] seem to be something [we] [can] unlock." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor unlocking something with (this is the can't unlock what's already unlocked rule):   if the noun is not locked:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] unlocked at the [if story tense is present            tense]moment[otherwise]time[end if]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor unlocking something with (this is the can't unlock without the correct key rule):   if the holder of the second noun is not the actor or      the noun does not provide the property matching key or      the matching key of the noun is not the second noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the second noun][Those] [don't] seem to fit the lock." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor unlocking something with (this is the standard unlocking rule):   now the noun is not locked. Report an actor unlocking something with (this is the standard report unlocking rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [unlock] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      if the actor is visible:         say "[The actor] [unlock] [the noun]." (B); Switching on is an action applying to one thing. The switching on action translates into I6 as "SwitchOn". The specification of the switching on action is "The switching on and switching off actions are for the simplest kind of machinery operation: they are for objects representing machines (or more likely parts of machines), which are considered to be either off or on at any given time. The actions are intended to be used where the noun is a device, but in fact they could work just as well with any kind which can be 'switched on' or 'switched off'." Check an actor switching on (this is the can't switch on unless switchable rule):   if the noun provides the property switched on, continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][They] [aren't] something [we] [can] switch." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor switching on (this is the can't switch on what's already on rule):   if the noun is switched on:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] already on." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor switching on (this is the standard switching on rule):   now the noun is switched on. Report an actor switching on (this is the standard report switching on rule):   if the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [switch] [the noun] on." (A). Switching off is an action applying to one thing. The switching off action translates into I6 as "SwitchOff". The specification of the switching off action is "The switching off and switching on actions are for the simplest kind of machinery operation: they are for objects representing machines (or more likely parts of machines), which are considered to be either off or on at any given time. The actions are intended to be used where the noun is a device, but in fact they could work just as well with any kind which can be 'switched on' or 'switched off'." Check an actor switching off (this is the can't switch off unless switchable rule):   if the noun provides the property switched on, continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][They] [aren't] something [we] [can] switch." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor switching off (this is the can't switch off what's already off rule):   if the noun is switched off:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] already off." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor switching off (this is the standard switching off rule):   now the noun is switched off. Report an actor switching off (this is the standard report switching off rule):   if the action is not silent:      say "[The actor] [switch] [the noun] off." (A). Opening is an action applying to one thing. The opening action translates into I6 as "Open". The specification of the opening action is "Opening makes something no longer a physical barrier. The action can be performed on any kind of thing which provides the either/or properties openable and open. The 'can't open unless openable rule' tests to see if the noun both can be and actually is openable. (It is assumed that anything which can be openable can also be open.) In the Standard Rules, the container and door kinds both satisfy these requirements. In the event that the thing to be opened is also lockable, we are forbidden to open it when it is locked. Both containers and doors can be lockable, but the opening and closing actions would also work fine with kinds which cannot be. We can create a new kind on which opening and closing will work thus: 'A case file is a kind of thing. A case file can be openable. A case file can be open. A case file is usually openable and closed.' The meaning of open and closed is different for different kinds of thing. When a container is closed, that means people outside cannot reach in, and vice versa; when a door is closed, people cannot use the 'going' action to pass through it. If we were to create a new kind such as 'case file', we would also need to write rules to make the open and closed properties interesting for this kind." Check an actor opening (this is the can't open unless openable rule):   if the noun provides the property openable and the noun is openable:      continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][They] [aren't] something [we] [can] open." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor opening (this is the can't open what's locked rule):   if the noun provides the property lockable and the noun is locked:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They] [seem] to be locked." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor opening (this is the can't open what's already open rule):   if the noun is open:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] already open." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor opening (this is the standard opening rule):   now the noun is open. Report an actor opening (this is the reveal any newly visible interior rule):   if the actor is the player and      the noun is an opaque container and      the first thing held by the noun is not nothing and      the noun does not enclose the actor:      if the action is not silent:         if the actor is the player:            say "[We] [open] [the noun], revealing " (A);            list the contents of the noun, as a sentence, tersely, not listing               concealed items;            say ".";      stop the action. Report an actor opening (this is the standard report opening rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [open] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise if the player can see the actor:      say "[The actor] [open] [the noun]." (B);   otherwise:      say "[The noun] [open]." (C); Closing is an action applying to one thing. The closing action translates into I6 as "Close". The specification of the closing action is "Closing makes something into a physical barrier. The action can be performed on any kind of thing which provides the either/or properties openable and open. The 'can't close unless openable rule' tests to see if the noun both can be and actually is openable. (It is assumed that anything which can be openable can also be open, and hence can also be closed.) In the Standard Rules, the container and door kinds both satisfy these requirements. We can create a new kind on which opening and closing will work thus: 'A case file is a kind of thing. A case file can be openable. A case file can be open. A case file is usually openable and closed.' The meaning of open and closed is different for different kinds of thing. When a container is closed, that means people outside cannot reach in, and vice versa; when a door is closed, people cannot use the 'going' action to pass through it. If we were to create a new kind such as 'case file', we would also need to write rules to make the open and closed properties interesting for this kind." Check an actor closing (this is the can't close unless openable rule):   if the noun provides the property openable and the noun is openable:      continue the action;   if the actor is the player:      say "[regarding the noun][They] [aren't] something [we] [can] close." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor closing (this is the can't close what's already closed rule):   if the noun is closed:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They're] already closed." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor closing (this is the standard closing rule):   now the noun is closed. Report an actor closing (this is the standard report closing rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [close] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise if the player can see the actor:      say "[The actor] [close] [the noun]." (B);   otherwise:      say "[The noun] [close]." (C); Wearing is an action applying to one carried thing. The wearing action translates into I6 as "Wear". The specification of the wearing action is "The Standard Rules give Inform only a simple model of clothing. A thing can be worn only if it has the either/or property of being 'wearable'. (Typing a sentence like 'Mr Jones wears the Homburg hat.' automatically implies that the hat is wearable, which is why we only seldom need to use the word 'wearable' directly.) There is no checking of how much or how little any actor is wearing, or how incongruous this may appear: nor any distinction between under or over-clothes. To put on an article of clothing, the actor must be directly carrying it, as enforced by the 'can't wear what's not held rule'." Check an actor wearing (this is the can't wear what's not clothing rule):   if the noun is not a thing or the noun is not wearable:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't wear] [regarding the noun][those]!" (A);      stop the action. Check an actor wearing (this is the can't wear what's not held rule):   if the holder of the noun is not the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [aren't] holding [regarding the noun][those]!" (A);      stop the action. Check an actor wearing (this is the can't wear what's already worn rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We]['re] already wearing [regarding the noun][those]!" (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor wearing (this is the standard wearing rule):   now the actor wears the noun. Report an actor wearing (this is the standard report wearing rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [put] on [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [put] on [the noun]." (B). Taking off is an action applying to one thing. The taking off action translates into I6 as "Disrobe". Does the player mean taking off something worn: it is very likely. The specification of the taking off action is "The Standard Rules give Inform only a simple model of clothing. A thing can be worn only if it has the either/or property of being 'wearable'. (Typing a sentence like 'Mr Jones wears the Homburg hat.' automatically implies that the hat is wearable, which is why we only seldom need to use the word 'wearable' directly.) There is no checking of how much or how little any actor is wearing, or how incongruous this may appear: nor any distinction between under or over-clothes. When an article of clothing is taken off, it becomes a thing directly carried by its former wearer, rather than being (say) dropped onto the floor." Check an actor taking off (this is the can't take off what's not worn rule):   if the actor is not wearing the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [aren't] wearing [the noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor taking off (this is the can't exceed carrying capacity when taking off rule):   if the number of things carried by the actor is at least the carrying capacity of the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We]['re] carrying too many things already." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor taking off (this is the standard taking off rule):   now the actor carries the noun. Report an actor taking off (this is the standard report taking off rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [take] off [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [take] off [the noun]." (B). Section SR4/6 - Standard actions concerning other people Giving it to is an action applying to one carried thing and one thing. The giving it to action translates into I6 as "Give". The specification of the giving it to action is "This action is indexed by Inform under 'Actions concerning other people', but it could just as easily have gone under 'Actions concerning the actor's possessions' because - like dropping, putting it on or inserting it into - this is an action which gets rid of something being carried. The Standard Rules implement this action fully - if it reaches the carry out and report rulebooks, then the item is indeed transferred to the recipient, and this is properly reported. But giving something to somebody is not like putting something on a shelf: the recipient has to agree. The final check rule, the 'block giving rule', assumes that the recipient does not consent - so the gift fails to happen. The way to make the giving action use its abilities fully is to replace the block giving rule with a rule which makes a more sophisticated decision about who will accept what from whom, and only blocks some attempts, letting others run on into the carry out and report rules." Check an actor giving something to (this is the can't give what you haven't got rule):   if the actor is not the holder of the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [aren't] holding [the noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor giving something to (this is the can't give to yourself rule):   if the actor is the second noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [can't give] [the noun] to [ourselves]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor giving something to (this is the can't give to a non-person rule):   if the second noun is not a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The second noun] [aren't] able to receive things." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor giving something to (this is the can't give clothes being worn rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      say "(first taking [the noun] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action; Check an actor giving something to (this is the block giving rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[The second noun] [don't] seem interested." (A);   stop the action. Check an actor giving something to (this is the can't exceed carrying capacity   when giving rule):   if the number of things carried by the second noun is at least the carrying      capacity of the second noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The second noun] [are] carrying too many things already." (A);      stop the action. Carry out an actor giving something to (this is the standard giving rule):   move the noun to the second noun. Report an actor giving something to (this is the standard report giving rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [give] [the noun] to [the second noun]." (A);   otherwise if the second noun is the player:      say "[The actor] [give] [the noun] to [us]." (B);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [give] [the noun] to [the second noun]." (C). Showing it to is an action applying to one carried thing and one visible thing. The showing it to action translates into I6 as "Show". The specification of the showing it to action is "Anyone can show anyone else something which they are carrying, but not some nearby piece of scenery, say - so this action is suitable for showing the emerald locket to Katarina, but not showing the Orange River Rock Room to Mr Douglas. The Standard Rules implement this action in only a minimal way, checking that it makes sense but then blocking all such attempts with a message such as 'Katarina is not interested.' - this is the task of the 'block showing rule'. As a result, there are no carry out or report rules. To make it into a systematic and interesting action, we would need to unlist the block showing rule and then to write carry out and report rules: but usually for IF purposes we only need to make a handful of special cases of showing work properly, and for those we can simply write Instead rules to handle them." Check an actor showing something to (this is the can't show what you haven't   got rule):   if the actor is not the holder of the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [aren't] holding [the noun]." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor showing something to (this is the convert show to yourself to   examine rule):   if the actor is the second noun:      convert to the examining action on the noun. Check an actor showing something to (this is the block showing rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[The second noun] [are] unimpressed." (A);   stop the action. Waking is an action applying to one thing. The waking action translates into I6 as "WakeOther". The specification of the waking action is "This is the act of jostling a sleeping person to wake him or her up, and it finds its way into the Standard Rules only for historical reasons. Inform does not by default provide any model for people being asleep or awake, so this action does not do anything in the standard implementation: instead, it is always stopped by the block waking rule." Check an actor waking (this is the block waking rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "That [seem] unnecessary." (A);   stop the action. Throwing it at is an action applying to one carried thing and one visible thing. The throwing it at action translates into I6 as "ThrowAt". The specification of the throwing it at action is "Throwing something at someone or something is difficult for Inform to model. So many considerations apply: just because the actor can see the target, does it follow that the target can accurately hit it? What if the projectile is heavy, like an anvil, or something not easily aimable, like a feather? What if there is a barrier in the way, like a cage with bars spaced so that only items of a certain size get through? And then: what should happen as a result? Will the projectile break, or do damage, or fall to the floor, or into a container or onto a supporter? And so on. Because it seems hopeless to try to model this in any general way, Inform instead provides the action for the user to attach specific rules to. The check rules in the Standard Rules simply require that the projectile is not an item of clothing still worn (this will be relevant for women attending a Tom Jones concert) but then, in either the 'futile to throw things at inanimate objects rule' or the 'block throwing at rule', will refuse to carry out the action with a bland message. To make throwing do something, then, we must either write Instead rules for special circumstances, or else unlist these check rules and write suitable carry out and report rules to pick up the thread." Check an actor throwing something at (this is the implicitly remove thrown clothing rule):   if the actor is wearing the noun:      say "(first taking [the noun] off)[command clarification break]" (A);      silently try the actor trying taking off the noun;      if the actor is wearing the noun, stop the action; Check an actor throwing something at (this is the futile to throw things at inanimate   objects rule):   if the second noun is not a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "Futile." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor throwing something at (this is the block throwing at rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [lack] the nerve when it [if story tense is the past         tense]came[otherwise]comes[end if] to the crucial moment." (A);   stop the action. Attacking is an action applying to one thing. The attacking action translates into I6 as "Attack". The specification of the attacking action is "Violence is seldom the answer, and attempts to attack another person are normally blocked as being unrealistic or not seriously meant. (I might find a shop assistant annoying, but IF is not Grand Theft Auto, and responding by killing him is not really one of my options.) So the Standard Rules simply block attempts to fight people, but the action exists for rules to make exceptions." Check an actor attacking (this is the block attacking rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "Violence [aren't] the answer to this one." (A);   stop the action. Kissing is an action applying to one thing. The kissing action translates into I6 as "Kiss". The specification of the kissing action is "Possibly because Inform was originally written by an Englishman, attempts at kissing another person are normally blocked as being unrealistic or not seriously meant. So the Standard Rules simply block attempts to kiss people, but the action exists for rules to make exceptions." Check an actor kissing (this is the kissing yourself rule):   if the noun is the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [don't] get much from that." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor kissing (this is the block kissing rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[The noun] [might not] like that." (A);   stop the action. Answering it that is an action applying to one thing and one topic. The answering it that action translates into I6 as "Answer". The specification of the answering it that action is "The Standard Rules do not include any systematic way to handle conversation: instead, Inform is set up so that it is as easy as we can make it to write specific rules handling speech in particular games, and so that if no such rules are written then all attempts to communicate are gracefully if not very interestingly rejected. The topic here can be any double-quoted text, which can itself contain tokens in square brackets: see the documentation on Understanding. Answering is an action existing so that the player can say something free-form to somebody else. A convention of IF is that a command such as DAPHNE, TAKE MASK is a request to Daphne to perform an action: if the persuasion rules in force mean that she consents, the action 'Daphne taking the mask' does indeed then result. But if the player types DAPHNE, 12375 or DAPHNE, GREAT HEAVENS - or anything else not making sense as a command - the action 'answering Daphne that ...' will be generated. The name of the action arises because it is also caused by typing, say, ANSWER 12375 when Daphne (say) has asked a question." Report an actor answering something that (this is the block answering rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "[There] [are] no reply." (A);   stop the action. Telling it about is an action applying to one thing and one topic. The telling it about action translates into I6 as "Tell". The specification of the telling it about action is "The Standard Rules do not include any systematic way to handle conversation: instead, Inform is set up so that it is as easy as we can make it to write specific rules handling speech in particular games, and so that if no such rules are written then all attempts to communicate are gracefully if not very interestingly rejected. The topic here can be any double-quoted text, which can itself contain tokens in square brackets: see the documentation on Understanding. Telling is an action existing only to catch commands like TELL ALEX ABOUT GUITAR. Customarily in IF, such a command is shorthand which the player accepts as a conventional form: it means 'tell Alex what I now know about the guitar' and would make sense if the player had himself recently discovered something significant about the guitar which might interest Alex." Check an actor telling something about (this is the telling yourself rule):   if the actor is the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [talk] to [ourselves] a while." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor telling something about (this is the block telling rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "This [provoke] no reaction." (A);   stop the action. Asking it about is an action applying to one thing and one topic. The asking it about action translates into I6 as "Ask". The specification of the asking it about action is "The Standard Rules do not include any systematic way to handle conversation: instead, Inform is set up so that it is as easy as we can make it to write specific rules handling speech in particular games, and so that if no such rules are written then all attempts to communicate are gracefully if not very interestingly rejected. The topic here can be any double-quoted text, which can itself contain tokens in square brackets: see the documentation on Understanding. Asking is an action existing only to catch commands like ASK STEPHEN ABOUT PENELOPE. Customarily in IF, such a command is shorthand which the player accepts as a conventional form: it means 'engage Mary in conversation and try to find out what she might know about'. It's understood as a convention of the genre that Mary should not be expected to respond in cases where there is no reason to suppose that she has anything relevant to pass on - ASK JANE ABOUT RICE PUDDING, for instance, need not conjure up a recipe even if Jane is a 19th-century servant and therefore almost certainly knows one." Report an actor asking something about (this is the block asking rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "[There] [are] no reply." (A);   stop the action. Asking it for is an action applying to two things. The asking it for action translates into I6 as "AskFor". The specification of the asking it for action is "The Standard Rules do not include any systematic way to handle conversation, but this is action is not quite conversation: it doesn't involve any spoken text as such. It exists to catch commands like ASK SALLY FOR THE EGG WHISK, where the whisk is something which Sally has and the player can see. Slightly oddly, but for historical reasons, an actor asking himself for something is treated to an inventory listing instead. All other cases are converted to the giving action: that is, ASK SALLY FOR THE EGG WHISK is treated as if it were SALLY, GIVE ME THE EGG WHISK - an action for Sally to perform and which then follows rules for giving. To ask for information or something intangible, see the asking it about action." Check an actor asking something for (this is the asking yourself for something rule):   if the actor is the noun and the actor is the player:      try taking inventory instead. Check an actor asking something for (this is the translate asking for to giving rule):   convert to request of the noun to perform giving it to action with the second noun and the actor. Section SR4/7 - Standard actions which are checked but then do nothing unless rules intervene Waiting is an action applying to nothing. The waiting action translates into I6 as "Wait". The specification of the waiting action is "The inaction action: where would we be without waiting? Waiting does not cause time to pass by - that happens anyway - but represents a positive choice by the actor not to fill that time. It is an action so that rules can be attached to it: for instance, we could imagine that a player who consciously decides to sit and wait might notice something which a busy player does not, and we could write a rule accordingly. Note the absence of check or carry out rules - anyone can wait, at any time, and it makes nothing happen." Report an actor waiting (this is the standard report waiting rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         now the prior named object is nothing;         say "Time [pass]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [wait]." (B). Touching is an action applying to one thing. The touching action translates into I6 as "Touch". The specification of the touching action is "Touching is just that, touching something without applying pressure: a touch-sensitive screen or a living creature might react, but a standard push-button or lever will probably not. In the Standard Rules there are no check touching rules, since touchability is already a requirement of the noun for the action anyway, and no carry out rules because nothing in the standard Inform world model reacts to a mere touch - though report rules do mean that attempts to touch other people provoke a special reply." Report an actor touching (this is the report touching yourself rule):   if the noun is the actor:      if the actor is the player:         if the action is not silent:            say "[We] [achieve] nothing by this." (A);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [touch] [themselves]." (B);      stop the action;   continue the action. Report an actor touching (this is the report touching other people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player:         if the action is not silent:            say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      otherwise if the noun is the player:         say "[The actor] [touch] [us]." (B);      otherwise:         say "[The actor] [touch] [the noun]." (C);      stop the action;   continue the action. Report an actor touching (this is the report touching things rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [feel] nothing unexpected." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [touch] [the noun]." (B). Waving is an action applying to one thing. The waving action translates into I6 as "Wave". The specification of the waving action is "Waving in this sense is like waving a sceptre: the item to be waved must be directly held (or worn) by the actor. In the Standard Rules there are no carry out rules for this action because nothing in the standard Inform world model which reacts to it. The action is provided for authors to hang more interesting behaviour onto for special cases: say, waving a particular rusty iron rod with a star on the end." Check an actor waving (this is the can't wave what's not held rule):   if the actor is not the holder of the noun:      if the actor is the player:         say "But [we] [aren't] holding [regarding the noun][those]." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor waving (this is the report waving things rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [wave] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [wave] [the noun]." (B). Pulling is an action applying to one thing. The Pulling action translates into I6 as "Pull". The specification of the pulling action is "Pulling is the act of pulling something not grossly larger than the actor by an amount which would not substantially move it. In the Standard Rules there are no carry out rules for this action because nothing in the standard Inform world model which reacts to it. The action is provided for authors to hang more interesting behaviour onto for special cases: say, pulling a lever. ('The big red lever is a fixed in place device. Instead of pulling the big red lever, try switching on the lever. Instead of pushing the big red lever, try switching off the lever.')" Check an actor pulling (this is the can't pull what's fixed in place rule):   if the noun is fixed in place:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They] [are] fixed in place." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pulling (this is the can't pull scenery rule):   if the noun is scenery:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [are] unable to." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pulling (this is the can't pull people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor pulling (this is the report pulling rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         now the prior named object is nothing;         say "Nothing obvious [happen]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [pull] [the noun]." (B). Pushing is an action applying to one thing. The Pushing action translates into I6 as "Push". The specification of the pushing action is "Pushing is the act of pushing something not grossly larger than the actor by an amount which would not substantially move it. (See also the pushing it to action, which involves a longer-distance push between rooms.) In the Standard Rules there are no carry out rules for this action because nothing in the standard Inform world model which reacts to it. The action is provided for authors to hang more interesting behaviour onto for special cases: say, pulling a lever. ('The big red lever is a fixed in place device. Instead of pulling the big red lever, try switching on the lever. Instead of pushing the big red lever, try switching off the lever.')" Check an actor pushing something (this is the can't push what's fixed in place rule):   if the noun is fixed in place:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They] [are] fixed in place." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something (this is the can't push scenery rule):   if the noun is scenery:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [are] unable to." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something (this is the can't push people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor pushing something (this is the report pushing rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         now the prior named object is nothing;         say "Nothing obvious [happen]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [push] [the noun]." (B). Turning is an action applying to one thing. The Turning action translates into I6 as "Turn". The specification of the turning action is "Turning is the act of rotating something - say, a dial. In the Standard Rules there are no carry out rules for this action because nothing in the standard Inform world model which reacts to it. The action is provided for authors to hang more interesting behaviour onto for special cases: say, turning a capstan." Check an actor turning (this is the can't turn what's fixed in place rule):   if the noun is fixed in place:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They] [are] fixed in place." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor turning (this is the can't turn scenery rule):   if the noun is scenery:      if the actor is the player:         say "[We] [are] unable to." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor turning (this is the can't turn people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor turning (this is the report turning rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         now the prior named object is nothing;         say "Nothing obvious [happen]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [turn] [the noun]." (B). Pushing it to is an action applying to one thing and one visible thing. The Pushing it to action translates into I6 as "PushDir". The specification of the pushing it to action is "This action covers pushing a large object, not being carried, so that the actor pushes it from one room to another: for instance, pushing a bale of hay to the east. This is rapidly converted into a special form of the going action. If the noun object has the either/or property 'pushable between rooms', then the action is converted to going by the 'standard pushing in directions rule'. If that going action succeeds, then the original pushing it to action stops; it's only if that fails that we run on into the 'block pushing in directions rule', which then puts an end to the matter." Check an actor pushing something to (this is the can't push unpushable things rule):   if the noun is not pushable between rooms:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [cannot] be pushed from place to place." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something to (this is the can't push to non-directions rule):   if the second noun is not a direction:      if the actor is the player:         say "[regarding the noun][They] [aren't] a direction." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something to (this is the can't push vertically rule):   if the second noun is up or the second noun is down:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [cannot] be pushed up or down." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something to (this is the can't push from within rule):   if the noun encloses the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [cannot] be pushed from here." (A);      stop the action. Check an actor pushing something to (this is the standard pushing in directions rule):   convert to special going-with-push action. Check an actor pushing something to (this is the block pushing in directions rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[The noun] [cannot] be pushed from place to place." (A);   stop the action. Squeezing is an action applying to one thing. The Squeezing action translates into I6 as "Squeeze". The specification of the squeezing action is "Squeezing is an action which can conveniently vary from squeezing something hand-held, like a washing-up liquid bottle, right up to squeezing a pillar in a bear hug. In the Standard Rules there are no carry out rules for this action because nothing in the standard Inform world model which reacts to it. The action is provided for authors to hang more interesting behaviour onto for special cases. A mildly fruity message is produced to players who attempt to squeeze people, which is blocked by a check squeezing rule." Check an actor squeezing (this is the innuendo about squeezing people rule):   if the noun is a person:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor squeezing (this is the report squeezing rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [achieve] nothing by this." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [squeeze] [the noun]." (B). Section SR4/8 - Standard actions which always do nothing unless rules intervene Saying yes is an action applying to nothing. The Saying yes action translates into I6 as "Yes". The specification of the saying yes action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor saying yes (this is the block saying yes rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "That was a rhetorical question." (A);   stop the action. Saying no is an action applying to nothing. The Saying no action translates into I6 as "No". The specification of the saying no action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor saying no (this is the block saying no rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "That was a rhetorical question." (A);   stop the action. Burning is an action applying to one thing. The Burning action translates into I6 as "Burn". The specification of the burning action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor burning (this is the block burning rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "This dangerous act [would achieve] little." (A);   stop the action. Waking up is an action applying to nothing. The Waking up action translates into I6 as "Wake". The specification of the waking up action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor waking up (this is the block waking up rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "The dreadful truth [are], this [are not] a dream." (A);   stop the action. Thinking is an action applying to nothing. The Thinking action translates into I6 as "Think". The specification of the thinking action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor thinking (this is the block thinking rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "What a good idea." (A);   stop the action. Smelling is an action applying to nothing or one thing. The Smelling action translates into I6 as "Smell". The specification of the smelling action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, replying only that the player smells nothing unexpected." Report an actor smelling (this is the report smelling rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [smell] nothing unexpected." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [sniff]." (B). Listening to is an action applying to nothing or one thing and abbreviable. The Listening to action translates into I6 as "Listen". The specification of the listening to action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, replying only that the player hears nothing unexpected." Report an actor listening to (this is the report listening rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [hear] nothing unexpected." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [listen]." (B). Tasting is an action applying to one thing. The Tasting action translates into I6 as "Taste". The specification of the tasting action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, replying only that the player tastes nothing unexpected." Report an actor tasting (this is the report tasting rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [taste] nothing unexpected." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [taste] [the noun]." (B). Cutting is an action applying to one thing. The Cutting action translates into I6 as "Cut". The specification of the cutting action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor cutting (this is the block cutting rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "Cutting [regarding the noun][them] up [would achieve] little." (A);   stop the action. Jumping is an action applying to nothing. The Jumping action translates into I6 as "Jump". The specification of the jumping action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, simply reporting a little jump on the spot." Report an actor jumping (this is the report jumping rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [jump] on the spot." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [jump] on the spot." (B). Tying it to is an action applying to two things. The Tying it to action translates into I6 as "Tie". The specification of the tying it to action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor tying something to (this is the block tying rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [would achieve] nothing by this." (A);   stop the action. Drinking is an action applying to one thing. The Drinking action translates into I6 as "Drink". The specification of the drinking action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor drinking (this is the block drinking rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "[There's] nothing suitable to drink here." (A);   stop the action. Saying sorry is an action applying to nothing. The Saying sorry action translates into I6 as "Sorry". The specification of the saying sorry action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor saying sorry (this is the block saying sorry rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "Oh, don't [if American dialect option is         active]apologize[otherwise]apologise[end if]." (A);   stop the action. Swinging is an action applying to one thing. The Swinging action translates into I6 as "Swing". The specification of the swinging action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor swinging (this is the block swinging rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "[There's] nothing sensible to swing here." (A);   stop the action. Rubbing is an action applying to one thing. The Rubbing action translates into I6 as "Rub". The specification of the rubbing action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, simply reporting that it has happened." Check an actor rubbing (this is the can't rub another person rule):   if the noun is a person who is not the actor:      if the actor is the player:         say "[The noun] [might not like] that." (A);      stop the action. Report an actor rubbing (this is the report rubbing rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [rub] [the noun]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [rub] [the noun]." (B). Setting it to is an action applying to one thing and one topic. The Setting it to action translates into I6 as "SetTo". The specification of the setting it to action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor setting something to (this is the block setting it to rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "No, [we] [can't set] [regarding the noun][those] to anything." (A);   stop the action. Waving hands is an action applying to nothing. The Waving hands action translates into I6 as "WaveHands". The specification of the waving hands action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, simply reporting a little wave of the hands." Report an actor waving hands (this is the report waving hands rule):   if the actor is the player:      if the action is not silent:         say "[We] [wave]." (A);   otherwise:      say "[The actor] [wave]." (B). Buying is an action applying to one thing. The Buying action translates into I6 as "Buy". The specification of the buying action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor buying (this is the block buying rule):   if the actor is the player:      now the prior named object is nothing;      say "Nothing [are] on sale." (A);   stop the action. Climbing is an action applying to one thing. The Climbing action translates into I6 as "Climb". The specification of the climbing action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor climbing (this is the block climbing rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "Little [are] to be achieved by that." (A);   stop the action. Sleeping is an action applying to nothing. The Sleeping action translates into I6 as "Sleep". The specification of the sleeping action is "The Standard Rules define this action in only a minimal way, blocking it with a check rule which stops it in all cases. It exists so that before or instead rules can be written to make it do interesting things in special cases. (Or to reconstruct the action as something more substantial, unlist the block rule and supply carry out and report rules, together perhaps with some further check rules.)" Check an actor sleeping (this is the block sleeping rule):   if the actor is the player:      say "[We] [aren't] feeling especially drowsy." (A);   stop the action. Section SR4/9 - Standard actions which happen out of world Quitting the game is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The quitting the game action translates into I6 as "Quit". The quit the game rule is listed in the carry out quitting the game rulebook. The quit the game rule translates into I6 as "QUIT_THE_GAME_R" with   "Are you sure you want to quit? " (A). Saving the game is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The saving the game action translates into I6 as "Save". The save the game rule is listed in the carry out saving the game rulebook. The save the game rule translates into I6 as "SAVE_THE_GAME_R" with   "Save failed." (A),   "Ok." (B). Restoring the game is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The restoring the game action translates into I6 as "Restore". The restore the game rule is listed in the carry out restoring the game rulebook. The restore the game rule translates into I6 as "RESTORE_THE_GAME_R" with   "Restore failed." (A),   "Ok." (B). Restarting the game is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The restarting the game action translates into I6 as "Restart". The restart the game rule is listed in the carry out restarting the game rulebook. The restart the game rule translates into I6 as "RESTART_THE_GAME_R" with   "Are you sure you want to restart? " (A),   "Failed." (B). Verifying the story file is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The verifying the story file action translates into I6 as "Verify". The verify the story file rule is listed in the carry out verifying the story file rulebook. The verify the story file rule translates into I6 as "VERIFY_THE_STORY_FILE_R" with   "The game file has verified as intact." (A),   "The game file did not verify as intact, and may be corrupt." (B). Switching the story transcript on is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The switching the story transcript on action translates into I6 as "ScriptOn". The switch the story transcript on rule is listed in the carry out switching the story   transcript on rulebook. The switch the story transcript on rule translates into I6 as "SWITCH_TRANSCRIPT_ON_R" with    "Transcripting is already on." (A),    "Start of a transcript of" (B),    "Attempt to begin transcript failed." (C). Switching the story transcript off is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The switching the story transcript off action translates into I6 as "ScriptOff". The switch the story transcript off rule is listed in the carry out switching the story   transcript off rulebook. The switch the story transcript off rule translates into I6 as "SWITCH_TRANSCRIPT_OFF_R" with    "Transcripting is already off." (A),    "[line break]End of transcript." (B),    "Attempt to end transcript failed." (C). Requesting the story file version is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The requesting the story file version action translates into I6 as "Version". The announce the story file version rule is listed in the carry out requesting the story   file version rulebook. The announce the story file version rule translates into I6 as "ANNOUNCE_STORY_FILE_VERSION_R". Requesting the score is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The requesting the score action translates into I6 as "Score". The announce the score rule is listed in the carry out requesting the score rulebook. The announce the score rule translates into I6 as "ANNOUNCE_SCORE_R" with   "[if the story has ended]In that game you scored[otherwise]You have so far scored[end if]   [score] out of a possible [maximum score], in [turn count] turn[s]" (A),    ", earning you the rank of " (B),   "[There] [are] no score in this story." (C),   "[bracket]Your score has just gone up by [number understood in words]      point[s].[close bracket]" (D),   "[bracket]Your score has just gone down by [number understood in words]      point[s].[close bracket]" (E). Preferring abbreviated room descriptions is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The preferring abbreviated room descriptions action translates into I6 as "LMode3". The prefer abbreviated room descriptions rule is listed in the carry out preferring   abbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The prefer abbreviated room descriptions rule translates into I6 as "PREFER_ABBREVIATED_R". The standard report preferring abbreviated room descriptions rule is listed in the   report preferring abbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The standard report preferring abbreviated room descriptions rule translates into   I6 as "REP_PREFER_ABBREVIATED_R" with   " is now in its 'superbrief' mode, which always gives short descriptions   of locations (even if you haven't been there before)." (A). Preferring unabbreviated room descriptions is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The preferring unabbreviated room descriptions action translates into I6 as "LMode2". The prefer unabbreviated room descriptions rule is listed in the carry out preferring   unabbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The prefer unabbreviated room descriptions rule translates into I6 as "PREFER_UNABBREVIATED_R". The standard report preferring unabbreviated room descriptions rule is listed in the   report preferring unabbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The standard report preferring unabbreviated room descriptions rule translates into   I6 as "REP_PREFER_UNABBREVIATED_R" with   " is now in its 'verbose' mode, which always gives long descriptions of   locations (even if you've been there before)." (A). Preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions is an action out of world and   applying to nothing. The preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions action translates into I6 as "LMode1". The prefer sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rule is listed in the carry out   preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The prefer sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rule translates into I6 as   "PREFER_SOMETIMES_ABBREVIATED_R". The standard report preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rule is listed   in the report preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rulebook. The standard report preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions rule translates   into I6 as "REP_PREFER_SOMETIMES_ABBR_R" with   " is now in its 'brief' printing mode, which gives long descriptions    of places never before visited and short descriptions otherwise." (A). Switching score notification on is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The switching score notification on action translates into I6 as "NotifyOn". The switch score notification on rule is listed in the carry out switching score   notification on rulebook. The switch score notification on rule translates into I6 as "SWITCH_SCORE_NOTIFY_ON_R". The standard report switching score notification on rule is listed in the report   switching score notification on rulebook. The standard report switching score notification on rule translates into   I6 as "REP_SWITCH_NOTIFY_ON_R" with "Score notification on." (A). Switching score notification off is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The switching score notification off action translates into I6 as "NotifyOff". The switch score notification off rule is listed in the carry out switching score   notification off rulebook. The switch score notification off rule translates into I6 as "SWITCH_SCORE_NOTIFY_OFF_R". The standard report switching score notification off rule is listed in the report   switching score notification off rulebook. The standard report switching score notification off rule translates into   I6 as "REP_SWITCH_NOTIFY_OFF_R" with "Score notification off." (A). Requesting the pronoun meanings is an action out of world and applying to nothing. The requesting the pronoun meanings action translates into I6 as "Pronouns". The announce the pronoun meanings rule is listed in the carry out requesting the   pronoun meanings rulebook. The announce the pronoun meanings rule translates into I6 as "ANNOUNCE_PRONOUN_MEANINGS_R" with   "At the moment, " (A),   "means " (B),   "is unset" (C),   "no pronouns are known to the game." (D). The understand token a time period translates into I6 as "RELATIVE_TIME_TOKEN". Section SR4/10 - Grammar Understand "take [things]" as taking. Understand "take off [something]" as taking off. Understand "take [something] off" as taking off. Understand "take [things inside] from [something]" as removing it from. Understand "take [things inside] off [something]" as removing it from. Understand "take inventory" as taking inventory. Understand the commands "carry" and "hold" as "take". Understand "get in/on" as entering. Understand "get out/off/down/up" as exiting. Understand "get [things]" as taking. Understand "get in/into/on/onto [something]" as entering. Understand "get off/down [something]" as getting off. Understand "get [things inside] from [something]" as removing it from. Understand "pick up [things]" or "pick [things] up" as taking. Understand "stand" or "stand up" as exiting. Understand "stand on [something]" as entering. Understand "remove [something preferably held]" as taking off. Understand "remove [things inside] from [something]" as removing it from. Understand "shed [something preferably held]" as taking off. Understand the commands "doff" and "disrobe" as "shed". Understand "wear [something preferably held]" as wearing. Understand the command "don" as "wear". Understand "put [other things] in/inside/into [something]" as inserting it into. Understand "put [other things] on/onto [something]" as putting it on. Understand "put on [something preferably held]" as wearing. Understand "put [something preferably held] on" as wearing. Understand "put down [things preferably held]" or "put [things preferably held] down" as dropping. Understand "insert [other things] in/into [something]" as inserting it into. Understand "drop [things preferably held]" as dropping. Understand "drop [other things] in/into/down [something]" as inserting it into. Understand "drop [other things] on/onto [something]" as putting it on. Understand "drop [something preferably held] at/against [something]" as throwing it at. Understand the commands "throw" and "discard" as "drop". Understand "give [something preferably held] to [someone]" as giving it to. Understand "give [someone] [something preferably held]" as giving it to (with nouns reversed). Understand the commands "pay" and "offer" and "feed" as "give". Understand "show [someone] [something preferably held]" as showing it to (with nouns reversed). Understand "show [something preferably held] to [someone]" as showing it to. Understand the commands "present" and "display" as "show". Understand "go" as going. Understand "go [direction]" as going. Understand "go [something]" as entering. Understand "go into/in/inside/through [something]" as entering. Understand the commands "walk" and "run" as "go". Understand "inventory" as taking inventory. Understand the commands "i" and "inv" as "inventory". Understand "look" as looking. Understand "look at [something]" as examining. Understand "look [something]" as examining. Understand "look inside/in/into/through [something]" as searching. Understand "look under [something]" as looking under. Understand "look up [text] in [something]" as consulting it about (with nouns reversed). Understand the command "l" as "look". Understand "consult [something] on/about [text]" as consulting it about. Understand "open [something]" as opening. Understand "open [something] with [something preferably held]" as unlocking it with. Understand the commands "unwrap", "uncover" as "open". Understand "close [something]" as closing. Understand "close up [something]" as closing. Understand "close off [something]" as switching off. Understand the commands "shut" and "cover" as "close". Understand "enter" as entering. Understand "enter [something]" as entering. Understand the command "cross" as "enter". Understand "sit on top of [something]" as entering. Understand "sit on/in/inside [something]" as entering. Understand "exit" as exiting. Understand the commands "leave" and "out" as "exit". Understand "examine [something]" as examining. Understand the commands "x", "watch", "describe" and "check" as "examine". Understand "read [something]" as examining. Understand "read about [text] in [something]" as consulting it about (with nouns reversed). Understand "read [text] in [something]" as consulting it about (with nouns reversed). Understand "yes" as saying yes. Understand the command "y" as "yes". Understand "no" as saying no. Understand "sorry" as saying sorry. Understand "search [something]" as searching. Understand "wave" as waving hands. Understand "wave [something]" as waving. Understand "set [something] to [text]" as setting it to. Understand the command "adjust" as "set". Understand "pull [something]" as pulling. Understand the command "drag" as "pull". Understand "push [something]" as pushing. Understand "push [something] [direction]" or "push [something] to [direction]" as pushing it to. Understand the commands "move", "shift", "clear" and "press" as "push". Understand "turn [something]" as turning. Understand "turn [something] on" or "turn on [something]" as switching on. Understand "turn [something] off" or "turn off [something]" as switching off. Understand the commands "rotate", "twist", "unscrew" and "screw" as "turn". Understand "switch [something switched on]" as switching off. Understand "switch [something]" or "switch on [something]" or "switch [something] on" as   switching on. Understand "switch [something] off" or "switch off [something]" as switching off. Understand "lock [something] with [something preferably held]" as locking it with. Understand "unlock [something] with [something preferably held]" as unlocking it with. Understand "attack [something]" as attacking. Understand the commands "break", "smash", "hit", "fight", "torture", "wreck", "crack", "destroy",   "murder", "kill", "punch" and "thump" as "attack". Understand "wait" as waiting. Understand the command "z" as "wait". Understand "answer [text] to [someone]" as answering it that (with nouns reversed). Understand the commands "say", "shout" and "speak" as "answer". Understand "tell [someone] about [text]" as telling it about. Understand "ask [someone] about [text]" as asking it about. Understand "ask [someone] for [something]" as asking it for. Understand "eat [something preferably held]" as eating. Understand "sleep" as sleeping. Understand the command "nap" as "sleep". Understand "climb [something]" or "climb up/over [something]" as climbing. Understand the command "scale" as "climb". Understand "buy [something]" as buying. Understand the command "purchase" as "buy". Understand "squeeze [something]" as squeezing. Understand the command "squash" as "squeeze". Understand "swing [something]" or "swing on [something]" as swinging. Understand "wake" or "wake up" as waking up. Understand "wake [someone]" or "wake [someone] up" or "wake up [someone]" as waking. Understand the commands "awake" and "awaken" as "wake". Understand "kiss [someone]" as kissing. Understand the commands "embrace" and "hug" as "kiss". Understand "think" as thinking. Understand "smell" as smelling. Understand "smell [something]" as smelling. Understand the command "sniff" as "smell". Understand "listen" as listening to. Understand "hear [something]" as listening to. Understand "listen to [something]" as listening to. Understand "taste [something]" as tasting. Understand "touch [something]" as touching. Understand the command "feel" as "touch". Understand "rub [something]" as rubbing. Understand the commands "shine", "polish", "sweep", "clean", "dust", "wipe" and "scrub" as "rub". Understand "tie [something] to [something]" as tying it to. Understand the commands "attach" and "fasten" as "tie". Understand "burn [something]" as burning. Understand the command "light" as "burn". Understand "drink [something]" as drinking. Understand the commands "swallow" and "sip" as "drink". Understand "cut [something]" as cutting. Understand the commands "slice", "prune" and "chop" as "cut". Understand "jump" as jumping. Understand the commands "skip" and "hop" as "jump". Understand "score" as requesting the score. Understand "quit" or "q" as quitting the game. Understand "save" as saving the game. Understand "restart" as restarting the game. Understand "restore" as restoring the game. Understand "verify" as verifying the story file. Understand "version" as requesting the story file version. Understand "script" or "script on" or "transcript" or "transcript on" as switching the story   transcript on. Understand "script off" or "transcript off" as switching the story transcript off. Understand "superbrief" or "short" as preferring abbreviated room descriptions. Understand "verbose" or "long" as preferring unabbreviated room descriptions. Understand "brief" or "normal" as preferring sometimes abbreviated room descriptions. Understand "nouns" or "pronouns" as requesting the pronoun meanings. Understand "notify" or "notify on" as switching score notification on. Understand "notify off" as switching score notification off. Part SR5 - Phrasebook Section SR5/1/1 - Saying - Values To say (val - sayable value of kind K)   (documented at ph_say):   (- {-say:val:K} -). To say (something - number) in words   (documented at phs_numwords):   (- print (number) say__n=({something}); -). To say (something - time) in words   (documented at phs_timewords):   (- print (PrintTimeOfDayEnglish) {something}; -). To say s   (documented at phs_s):   (- STextSubstitution(); -). Section SR5/1/2 - Saying - Names with articles To say a (something - object)   (documented at phs_a):   (- print (a) {something}; -). To say an (something - object)   (documented at phs_a):   (- print (a) {something}; -). To say A (something - object)   (documented at phs_A):   (- CIndefArt({something}); -). To say An (something - object)   (documented at phs_A):   (- CIndefArt({something}); -). To say the (something - object)   (documented at phs_the):   (- print (the) {something}; -). To say The (something - object)   (documented at phs_The):   (- print (The) {something}; -). Section SR5/1/3 - Saying - Say if and otherwise To say if (c - condition)   (documented at phs_if): (- {-erase}   if (~~({c})) jump {-label:Say};      -). To say unless (c - condition)   (documented at phs_unless): (- {-erase}   if ({c}) jump {-label:Say};      -). To say otherwise/else if (c - condition)   (documented at phs_elseif): (- {-erase}   jump {-label:SayX}; .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say}; if (~~({c})) jump {-label:Say};      -). To say otherwise/else unless (c - condition)   (documented at phs_elseunless): (- {-erase}   jump {-label:SayX}; .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say}; if ({c}) jump {-label:Say};      -). To say otherwise   (documented at phs_otherwise): (- {-erase}   jump {-label:SayX}; .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say};      -). To say else   (documented at phs_otherwise): (- {-erase}   jump {-label:SayX}; .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say};      -). To say end if   (documented at phs_endif): (- {-erase}   .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say}; .{-label:SayX}{-counter-up:SayX};      -). To say end unless   (documented at phs_endunless): (- {-erase}   .{-label:Say}{-counter-up:Say}; .{-label:SayX}{-counter-up:SayX};      -). Section SR5/1/4 - Saying - Say one of To say one of -- beginning say_one_of (documented at phs_oneof): (-   {-counter-makes-array:say_one_of}   {-counter-makes-array:say_one_flag}   if (I7_ST_say_one_flag-->{-counter:say_one_flag} == false) {      I7_ST_say_one_of-->{-counter:say_one_of} = {-final-segment-marker}(I7_ST_say_one_of-->{-counter:say_one_of}, {-segment-count});       I7_ST_say_one_flag-->{-counter:say_one_flag} = true;   }   if (say__comp == false) I7_ST_say_one_flag-->{-counter:say_one_flag}{-counter-up:say_one_flag} = false;   switch ((I7_ST_say_one_of-->{-counter:say_one_of}{-counter-up:say_one_of})%({-segment-count}+1)-1) {-open-brace}      0: -). To say or -- continuing say_one_of (documented at phs_or):   (- @nop; {-segment-count}: -). To say at random -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_RAN (documented at phs_random):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say purely at random -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_PAR (documented at phs_purelyrandom):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say then at random -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_TRAN (documented at phs_thenrandom):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say then purely at random -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_TPAR (documented at phs_thenpurelyrandom):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say sticky random -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_STI (documented at phs_sticky):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say as decreasingly likely outcomes -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_TAP (documented at phs_decreasing):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say in random order -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_SHU (documented at phs_order):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say cycling -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_CYC (documented at phs_cycling):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say stopping -- ending say_one_of with marker I7_SOO_STOP (documented at phs_stopping):   (- {-close-brace} -). To say first time -- beginning say_first_time (documented at phs_firsttime):   (- {-counter-makes-array:say_first_time}   if ((say__comp == false) && ((I7_ST_say_first_time-->{-counter:say_first_time}{-counter-up:say_first_time})++ == 0)) {-open-brace}      -). To say only -- ending say_first_time (documented at phs_firsttime):   (- {-close-brace} -). Section SR5/1/5 - Saying - Paragraph control To say line break -- running on   (documented at phs_linebreak):   (- new_line; -). To say no line break -- running on   (documented at phs_nolinebreak): do nothing. To say conditional paragraph break -- running on   (documented at phs_condparabreak):   (- DivideParagraphPoint(); -). To say command clarification break -- running on   (documented at phs_clarifbreak):   (- CommandClarificationBreak(); -). To say paragraph break -- running on   (documented at phs_parabreak):   (- DivideParagraphPoint(); new_line; -). To say run paragraph on -- running on   (documented at phs_runparaon):   (- RunParagraphOn(); -). To say run paragraph on with special look spacing -- running on   (documented at phs_runparaonsls):   (- SpecialLookSpacingBreak(); -). To decide if a paragraph break is pending   (documented at ph_breakpending):   (- (say__p) -). Section SR5/1/6 - Saying - Special characters To say bracket -- running on   (documented at phs_bracket):   (- print "["; -). To say close bracket -- running on   (documented at phs_closebracket):   (- print "]"; -). To say apostrophe/' -- running on   (documented at phs_apostrophe):   (- print "'"; -). To say quotation mark -- running on   (documented at phs_quotemark):   (- print "~"; -). Section SR5/1/7 - Saying - Fonts and visual effects To say bold type -- running on   (documented at phs_bold):   (- style bold; -). To say italic type -- running on   (documented at phs_italic):   (- style underline; -). To say roman type -- running on   (documented at phs_roman):   (- style roman; -). To say fixed letter spacing -- running on   (documented at phs_fixedspacing):   (- font off; -). To say variable letter spacing -- running on   (documented at phs_varspacing):   (- font on; -). To display the boxed quotation (Q - text)   (documented at ph_boxed):   (- DisplayBoxedQuotation({-box-quotation-text:Q}); -). Section SR5/1/8 - Saying - Some built-in texts To say the/-- banner text   (documented at phs_banner):   (- Banner(); -). To say the/-- list of extension credits   (documented at phs_extcredits):   (- ShowExtensionVersions(); -). To say the/-- complete list of extension credits   (documented at phs_compextcredits):   (- ShowFullExtensionVersions(); -). To say the/-- player's surroundings   (documented at phs_surroundings):   (- SL_Location(true); -). Section SR5/1/9 - Saying - Saying lists of things To list the contents of (O - an object),   with newlines,   indented,   giving inventory information,   as a sentence,   including contents,   including all contents,   tersely,   giving brief inventory information,   using the definite article,   listing marked items only,   prefacing with is/are,   not listing concealed items,   suppressing all articles,   with extra indentation,   and/or capitalized   (documented at ph_listcontents):   (- WriteListFrom(child({O}), {phrase options}); -). To say a list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_alistof): (-       objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT);   -). To say A list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_Alistof):   (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      TEXT_TY_Say_Capitalised((+ "[list-writer list of marked objects]" +));   -). To say list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_listof): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+NOARTICLE_BIT);   -). To say the list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_thelistof): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+DEFART_BIT);   -). To say The list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_Thelistof):   (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      TEXT_TY_Say_Capitalised((+ "[list-writer articled list of marked objects]" +));   -). To say is-are a list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_isalistof): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+ISARE_BIT);   -). To say is-are list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_islistof): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+ISARE_BIT+NOARTICLE_BIT);   -). To say is-are the list of (OS - description of objects)   (documented at phs_isthelistof): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+DEFART_BIT+ISARE_BIT);   -). To say a list of (OS - description of objects) including contents   (documented at phs_alistofconts): (-      objectloop({-my:1} ofclass Object)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            give {-my:1} workflag2;         else            give {-my:1} ~workflag2;      WriteListOfMarkedObjects(ENGLISH_BIT+RECURSE_BIT+PARTINV_BIT+         TERSE_BIT+CONCEAL_BIT);   -). Section SR5/1/10 - Saying - Group in and omit from lists To group (OS - description of objects) together   (documented at ph_group): (-      objectloop({-my:1} provides list_together)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            BlkValueCopy({-my:1}.list_together, {-list-together:unarticled});   -). To group (OS - description of objects) together giving articles   (documented at ph_groupart): (-      objectloop({-my:1} provides list_together)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            BlkValueCopy({-my:1}.list_together, {-list-together:articled});   -). To group (OS - description of objects) together as (T - text)   (documented at ph_grouptext): (-      {-my:2} = BlkValueCreate(TEXT_TY);      {-my:2} = TEXT_TY_SubstitutedForm({-my:2}, {-by-reference:T});      objectloop({-my:1} provides list_together)         if ({-matches-description:1:OS})            BlkValueCopy({-my:1}.list_together, {-my:2});      BlkValueFree({-my:2});   -). To omit contents in listing   (documented at ph_omit):   (- c_style = c_style &~ (RECURSE_BIT+FULLINV_BIT+PARTINV_BIT); -). Section SR5/1/11 - Saying - Lists of values To say (L - a list of values) in brace notation   (documented at phs_listbraced):   (- LIST_OF_TY_Say({-by-reference:L}, 1); -). To say (L - a list of objects) with definite articles   (documented at phs_listdef):   (- LIST_OF_TY_Say({-by-reference:L}, 2); -). To say (L - a list of objects) with indefinite articles   (documented at phs_listindef):   (- LIST_OF_TY_Say({-by-reference:L}, 3); -). Section SR5/1/12 - Saying - Filtering contents - Unindexed To filter list recursion to (D - description of objects):   (- list_filter_routine = {D}; -). To unfilter list recursion:   (- list_filter_routine = 0; -). Section SR5/1/13 - Saying - Responses To say text of (R - response)   (documented at phs_response):   carry out the issuing the response text activity with R. Section SR5/2/1 - Values - Making conditions true To now (cn - condition)   (documented at ph_now):   (- {cn} -). Section SR5/2/2 - Values - Giving values temporary names To let (t - nonexisting variable) be (u - value)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_let): (-      {-unprotect:t}      {-copy:t:u}   -). To let (t - nonexisting variable) be (u - name of kind of value)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_letdefault): (-      {-unprotect:t}      {-initialise:t}   -). To let (t - nonexisting variable) be (u - description of relations of values   of kind K to values of kind L)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_letrelation): (-      {-unprotect:t}      {-initialise:t}      {-now-matches-description:t:u};   -). To let (t - nonexisting variable) be given by (Q - equation name)   (documented at ph_letequation): (-      {-unprotect:t}      {-primitive-definition:solve-equation};   -). To let (t - existing variable) be (u - value)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_let): (-       {-copy:t:u}   -). To let (t - existing variable) be given by (Q - equation name)   (documented at ph_letequation): (-      {-primitive-definition:solve-equation};   -). To increase (S - storage) by (w - value)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_increase): (-      {-copy:S:+w};   -). To decrease (S - storage) by (w - value)   (assignment operation)   (documented at ph_decrease): (-      {-copy:S:-w};   -). To increment (S - storage)   (documented at ph_increment): (-      {-copy:S:+};   -). To decrement (S - storage)   (documented at ph_decrement): (-      {-copy:S:-};   -). Section SR5/2/4 - Values - Arithmetic To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) + (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 0)   (documented at ph_plus):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) plus (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 0)   (documented at ph_plus):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) - (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 1)   (documented at ph_minus):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) minus (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 1)   (documented at ph_minus):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) * (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 2)   (documented at ph_times):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) times (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 2)   (documented at ph_times):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) multiplied by (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 2)   (documented at ph_times):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) / (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 3)   (documented at ph_divide):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) divided by (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 3)   (documented at ph_divide):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is remainder after dividing (X - arithmetic value)   by (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 4)   (documented at ph_remainder):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is (X - arithmetic value) to the nearest (Y - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 5)   (documented at ph_nearest):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X:Y}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is the square root of (X - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 6)   (documented at ph_squareroot):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is the cube root of (X - arithmetic value)   (arithmetic operation 8)   (documented at ph_cuberoot):   (- ({-arithmetic-operation:X}) -). To decide which arithmetic value is total (p - arithmetic value valued property)   of (S - description of values)   (arithmetic operation 12)   (documented at ph_total):   (- {-primitive-definition:total-of} -). Section SR5/2/4a - Values - Real Arithmetic (for Glulx only) To say (R - a real number) to (N - number) decimal places   (documented at phs_realplaces):   (- Float({R}, {N}); -). To say (R - a real number) in decimal notation   (documented at phs_decimal):   (- FloatDec({R}); -). To say (R - a real number) to (N - number) decimal places in decimal notation   (documented at phs_decimalplaces):   (- FloatDec({R}, {N}); -). To say (R - a real number) in scientific notation   (documented at phs_scientific):   (- FloatExp({R}); -). To say (R - a real number) to (N - number) decimal places in scientific notation   (documented at phs_scientificplaces):   (- FloatExp({R}, {N}); -). To decide which real number is the reciprocal of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_reciprocal):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Reciprocal({R}) -). To decide which real number is the absolute value of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_absolutevalue)   (this is the abs function):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Abs({R}) -). To decide which real number is the real square root of (R - a real number)   (arithmetic operation 7)   (documented at ph_realsquareroot)   (this is the root function inverse to rsqr):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Root({R}) -). To decide which real number is the real square of (R - a real number)   (this is the rsqr function inverse to root):   let x be given by x = R^2 where x is a real number;   decide on x. To decide which real number is the ceiling of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_ceiling)   (this is the ceiling function):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Ceiling({R}) -). To decide which real number is the floor of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_floor)   (this is the floor function):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Floor({R}) -). To decide which number is (R - a real number) to the nearest whole number   (documented at ph_nearestwholenumber)   (this is the int function):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_to_NUMBER_TY({R}) -). To decide which real number is the natural/-- logarithm of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_logarithm)   (this is the log function inverse to exp):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Log({R}) -). To decide which real number is the logarithm to base (N - a number) of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_logarithmto):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_BLog({R}, {N}) -). To decide which real number is the exponential of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_exp)   (this is the exp function inverse to log):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Exp({R}) -). To decide which real number is (R - a real number) to the power (P - a real number)   (documented at ph_power):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Pow({R}, {P}) -). Section SR5/2/4a - Values - Trigonometry (for Glulx only) To decide which real number is (R - a real number) degrees   (documented at ph_degrees):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Times({R}, $+0.0174532925) -). To decide which real number is the sine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_sine)   (this is the sin function inverse to arcsin):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Sin({R}) -). To decide which real number is the cosine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_cosine)   (this is the cos function inverse to arccos):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Cos({R}) -). To decide which real number is the tangent of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_tangent)   (this is the tan function inverse to arctan):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Tan({R}) -). To decide which real number is the arcsine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_arcsine)   (this is the arcsin function inverse to sin):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Arcsin({R}) -). To decide which real number is the arccosine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_arccosine)   (this is the arccos function inverse to cos):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Arccos({R}) -). To decide which real number is the arctangent of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_arctangent)   (this is the arctan function inverse to tan):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Arctan({R}) -). Section SR5/2/4a - Values - Hyperbolic functions (for Glulx only) To decide which real number is the hyperbolic sine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperbolicsine)   (this is the sinh function inverse to arcsinh):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Sinh({R}) -). To decide which real number is the hyperbolic cosine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperboliccosine)   (this is the cosh function inverse to arccosh):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Cosh({R}) -). To decide which real number is the hyperbolic tangent of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperbolictangent)   (this is the tanh function inverse to arctanh):   (- REAL_NUMBER_TY_Tanh({R}) -). To decide which real number is the hyperbolic arcsine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperbolicarcsine)   (this is the arcsinh function inverse to sinh):   let x be given by x = log(R + root(R^2 + 1)) where x is a real number;   decide on x. To decide which real number is the hyperbolic arccosine of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperbolicarccosine)   (this is the arccosh function inverse to cosh):   let x be given by x = log(R + root(R^2 - 1)) where x is a real number;   decide on x. To decide which real number is the hyperbolic arctangent of (R - a real number)   (documented at ph_hyperbolicarctangent)   (this is the arctanh function inverse to tanh):   let x be given by x = 0.5*(log(1+R) - log(1-R)) where x is a real number;   decide on x. Section SR5/2/5 - Values - Enumerations To decide which number is number of (S - description of values)   (documented at ph_numberof):   (- {-primitive-definition:number-of} -). To decide which K is (name of kind of enumerated value K) after (X - K)   (documented at ph_enumafter):   (- A_{-printing-routine:K}({X}) -). To decide which K is (name of kind of enumerated value K) before (X - K)   (documented at ph_enumbefore):   (- B_{-printing-routine:K}({X}) -). To decide which K is the first value of (name of kind of enumerated value K)   (documented at ph_enumfirst):   decide on the default value of K. To decide which K is the last value of (name of kind of enumerated value K)   (documented at ph_enumlast):   decide on K before the default value of K. Section SR5/2/6 - Values - Truth states To decide what truth state is whether or not (C - condition)   (documented at ph_whether):   (- ({C}) -). Section SR5/2/7 - Values - Randomness To decide which K is a/-- random (S - description of values of kind K)   (documented at ph_randomdesc):   (- {-primitive-definition:random-of} -). To decide which K is a random (name of kind of arithmetic value K) between (first value - K) and (second value - K)   (documented at ph_randombetween):   (- R_{-printing-routine:K}({first value}, {second value}) -). To decide which K is a random (name of kind of arithmetic value K) from (first value - K) to (second value - K)   (documented at ph_randombetween):   (- R_{-printing-routine:K}({first value}, {second value}) -). To decide which K is a random (name of kind of enumerated value K) between (first value - K) and (second value - K)   (documented at ph_randombetween):   (- R_{-printing-routine:K}({first value}, {second value}) -). To decide which K is a random (name of kind of enumerated value K) from (first value - K) to (second value - K)   (documented at ph_randombetween):   (- R_{-printing-routine:K}({first value}, {second value}) -). To decide whether a random chance of (N - number) in (M - number) succeeds   (documented at ph_randomchance):   (- (GenerateRandomNumber(1, {M}) <= {N}) -). To seed the random-number generator with (N - number)   (documented at ph_seed):   (- VM_Seed_RNG({N}); -). Section SR5/2/8 - Values - Tables To choose a/the/-- row (N - number) in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_chooserow):   (- {-my:ct_0} = {T}; {-my:ct_1} = {N}; -). To choose a/the/-- row with (TC - K valued table column) of (w - value of kind K)   in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_chooserowwith):   (- {-my:ct_0} = {T}; {-my:ct_1} = TableRowCorr(ct_0, {TC}, {w}); -). To choose a/the/-- blank row in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_chooseblankrow):   (- {-my:ct_0} = {T}; {-my:ct_1} = TableBlankRow(ct_0); -). To choose a/the/-- random row in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_chooserandomrow):   (- {-my:ct_0} = {T}; {-my:ct_1} = TableRandomRow(ct_0); -). To decide which number is number of rows in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_numrows):   (- TableRows({T}) -). To decide which number is number of blank rows in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_numblank):   (- TableBlankRows({T}) -). To decide which number is number of filled rows in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_numfilled):   (- TableFilledRows({T}) -). To decide if there is (TR - table-reference)   (documented at ph_thereis):   (- (Exists{-by-reference:TR}) -). To decide if there is no (TR - table-reference)   (documented at ph_thereisno):   (- (Exists{-by-reference:TR} == false) -). To blank out (tr - table-reference)   (documented at ph_blankout):   (- {-by-reference:tr}{-backspace},4); -). To blank out the whole row   (documented at ph_blankoutrow):   (- TableBlankOutRow({-my:ct_0}, {-my:ct_1}); -). To blank out the whole (TC - table column) in/from (T - table name)   (documented at ph_blankoutcol):   (- TableBlankOutColumn({T}, {TC}); -). To blank out the whole of (T - table name)   (documented at ph_blankouttable):   (- TableBlankOutAll({T}); -). To showme the contents of (T - table name)   (documented at ph_showmetable):   (- TableDebug({T}); -). To say the/-- current table row   (documented at phs_currenttablerow):   (- TableRowDebug({-my:ct_0}, {-my:ct_1}); -). To say row (N - number) in/from (T - table name)   (documented at phs_tablerow):   (- TableRowDebug({T}, {N}); -). To say (TC - table column) in/from (T - table name)   (documented at phs_tablecolumn):   (- TableColumnDebug({T}, {TC}); -). Section SR5/2/9 - Values - Sorting tables To sort (T - table name) in/into random order   (documented at ph_sortrandom):   (- TableShuffle({T}); -). To sort (T - table name) in/into (TC - table column) order   (documented at ph_sortcolumn):   (- TableSort({T}, {TC}, 1); -). To sort (T - table name) in/into reverse (TC - table column) order   (documented at ph_sortcolumnreverse):   (- TableSort({T}, {TC}, -1); -). Section SR5/2/10 - Values - Breaking down text To decide what number is the number of characters in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numchars):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, CHR_BLOB) -). To decide what number is the number of words in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numwords):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, WORD_BLOB) -). To decide what number is the number of punctuated words in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numpwords):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, PWORD_BLOB) -). To decide what number is the number of unpunctuated words in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numupwords):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, UWORD_BLOB) -). To decide what number is the number of lines in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numlines):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, LINE_BLOB) -). To decide what number is the number of paragraphs in (T - text)   (documented at ph_numparas):   (- TEXT_TY_BlobAccess({-by-reference:T}, PARA_BLOB) -). To decide what text is character number (N - a number) in (T - text)   (documented at ph_charnum):   (- TEXT_TY_GetBlob({-new:text}, {-by-reference:T}, {N}, CHR_BLOB) -). To decide what text is word number (N - a number) in (T - text)   (documented at ph_wordnum):   (- TEXT_TY_GetBlob({-new:text}, {-by-reference:T}, {N}, WORD_BLOB) -).